Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
General Editor: David Thomas, Alex Mallett
Associate Editors: Juan Pedro Monferrer-Sala, Johannes Pahlitzsch, Barbara Roggema, Mark Swanson, Herman Teule and John Tolan
Christian-Muslim Relations, a Bibliographical History Online is a general online history of relations between the faiths. It covers the period from 600 to 1500, when encounters took place through the extended Mediterranean basin and are recorded in Syriac, Arabic, Greek, Latin and other languages. Christian Muslim Relations Online comprises introductory essays on the treatment of Christians in the Qur’an, Qur’an commentaries, biographies of the Prophet, Hadith and Sunni law, and of Muslims in canon law, and the main body of more than two hundred detailed entries on all the works recorded, whether surviving or lost.

Subscriptions: see

Pope John VIII

(705 words)

Author(s): Arnold, Dorothee
Letters of Pope John VIII Date of Birth: Unknown Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: 15 December 882 Place of Death: Rome Biography Nothing is known about John VIII's place and date of birth. According to Petrus Guillermus he was natione Romanus. His father's name, Gundo, might indicate a Langobardian descent. During the 850s and 860s he was archdeacon of the Roman church. He obviously had profound knowledge of Roman law and held offices in the financial administration and the administration of patrimonies.   On 14 December 872 he was consecrated pope. Three major issues stan…

 (Possibly) Kitāb fī l-ittiḥād wa-l-ittiṣāl

(205 words)

Author(s): G.B. Teule, Herman
Unity and conjunction [of the divine and human natures in Christ] Two texts from Sbath 1002 Date: Between 10th and 12th century Original Language: Arabic Description Judging from Sbath’s description of the last chapter, this voluminous treatise (392 pages, 50 chapters) seems to be a Christological work, dealing with the mode of union of Christ’s humanity and divinity. Certain expressions suggest that the author is the same as the author of the anonymous treatise discussed above. Significance It is difficult to say what the significance of the work was. The theme treated …

 Prefacio in translationem noviter editam ex Arabico in Latinum vulgareque Hyspanum libri Alchorani

(888 words)

Author(s): Wolf, Anne Marie
Prefacio'Preface to a newly produced translation of the book of the Qur'an from Arabic into Latin and common Spanish' Juan de Segovia Date: 1456 or 1457 Original Language: Latin Description The arrival of the prominent Castilian faqīh, Yça Gidelli (sometimes rendered Içe de Gebir, but see the discussion in Wiegers, Spanish literature, p. 14) in Aiton in the French Alps, to complete a new translation of the Qur’an from Arabic, represented a major triumph in Juan de Segovia’s long efforts to obtain a more faithful translation, which had begun at l…

 Prose theological treatises

(1,258 words)

Author(s): Noble, Samuel
Prose theological treatises Sulaymān al-Ghazzī Date: First third of the 11th century Original Language: Arabic Description There are six extant short prose treatises by Sulaymān al-Ghazzī: 1. Radd ʿalā al-mukhālifīn al-Amāna l-mustaqīma l-urthūdhuksiyya (‘Refutation of those who oppose the correct Orthodox faith’; Edelby, Sulaymān, iii, pp. 40-73) 2. Fī maʿnā iʿtiqād al-Naṣāra l-urthūdhuksiyya fī waḥdāniyyat al-Khāliq (‘On the meaning of the Orthodox Christians’ belief in the Unity of the Creator’; Edelby, Sulaymān, iii, pp. 85-97) 3. Fī l-ṣalīb (‘On the cross’; Edelby, Sulay…


(1,453 words)

Author(s): El Kaisy-Friemuth, Maha
Abū Ḥāmid Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad al-Ṭūsī, al-Ghazālī Date of Birth: Unknown Place of Birth: Unknown; probably Egypt Date of Death: Unknown; before about 1260 Place of Death: Unknown BiographyThis work has been attributed to the great Abū Ḥāmid al-Ghazālī (d. 1111), although his authorship has been disputed since Bouyges expressed reservations in 1959. Watt, Badawī and Jabr followed him, and in 1975 Lazarus-Yafeh presented strong arguments against his authorship. On the other hand, scholars such as Massignon, Chidiac…

(Pseudo-)Stephanus of Alexandria

(217 words)

Author(s): Grypeou , Emmanouela
The Horoscope of Stephanus of Alexandria Date of Birth: Unknown Place of Birth: Unknown; possibly Egypt Date of Death: Unknown Place of Death: Unknown; possibly Egypt Biography A text known as the Horoscope of Islam is pseudepigraphically attributed to Stephanus of Alexandria, a late 6th- early 7th-century teacher of philosophy, astrologer and commentator on Aristotle. Little is known about his life. According to some sources, he was summoned to Constantinople by the Emperor Heraclius (r. 610-41) as a teacher of philosophy. It is believed t…