Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
General Editor: David Thomas, Alex Mallett
Associate Editors: Juan Pedro Monferrer-Sala, Johannes Pahlitzsch, Barbara Roggema, Mark Swanson, Herman Teule and John Tolan
 
Christian-Muslim Relations, a Bibliographical History Online is a general online history of relations between the faiths. It covers the period from 600 to 1500, when encounters took place through the extended Mediterranean basin and are recorded in Syriac, Arabic, Greek, Latin and other languages. Christian Muslim Relations Online comprises introductory essays on the treatment of Christians in the Qur’an, Qur’an commentaries, biographies of the Prophet, Hadith and Sunni law, and of Muslims in canon law, and the main body of more than two hundred detailed entries on all the works recorded, whether surviving or lost.

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 Ēwangelīyōn d-treʿsar shlīḥē qaddīshē w-gelyānau(hy) d-kul-ḥad ḥad menhōn

(1,302 words)

Author(s): Greisiger, Lutz
The Gospel of the twelve holy Apostles and the revelation of each one of them‘The Gospel of the twelve Apostles Unknown author Date: Between 692 and 705 Original Language: Syriac Description The Gospel of the twelve Apostles fills 22 pages in the manuscript and 21 pages in Harris’s edition. The text is composed of four parts, beginning with the Gospel itself, which is a summary of the four canonical Gospels and the beginning of Acts, complemented by an apocalyptic prophecy (c. 10 pp.). The following three parts constitute the apocalypses of Shemʿōn Kēpā…

 Excerptum de gestis Romanorum pontificum

(992 words)

Author(s): Dachowski, Elizabeth
Epitoma de pontificibus Romanis, Epitome de XCI Romanorum pontificum vitis Excerpts from the deeds of the Roman popes Abbo of Fleury Date: Before 1004, perhaps 996 Original Language: Latin Description The Excerptum de gestis Romanorum pontificum takes up 13 folios in its earliest manuscript (copied about 50 years after Abbo’s death). The work is an abridgment of a much older work, the Liber pontificalis, the first part of which was written no later than the 6th century; subsequent chapters were added during the lifetime of the pope in question. The original Liber pontificalis exists i…

 Exēgēsis ētoi martyrion tōn hagiōn paterōn tōn anairethentōn hypo tōn barbarōn ēgoun Sarakēnōn en tē megistē Laura tou hosiou patros hēmōn Saba

(1,134 words)

Author(s): Vila, David H.
An Account of the martyrdom of the holy fathers, slaughtered by the Saracen barbarians in the great monastery of our holy father SabaThe Martyrdom of the twenty martyrs of Mār Saba Stephen Manṣūr, Stephen of Damascus, Stephen the Hymnographer, Stephen son of Manṣūr Date: c. 800 Original Language: Greek Description The text ( BHG 1200) contains an account of the raid and sack of the monastery of Mar Saba in the year 797 by Arab bedouin. In the modern printed edition, the text consists of 53 paragraphs and is approximately 15,000 words in length. Th…

 Explanatio simboli apostolorum

(997 words)

Author(s): Burman, Thomas E.
'Explanation of the Apostles’ Creed’ Ramon Martí Date: Approximately 1256-57 Original Language: Latin Description As its name suggests, Martí’s Explanatio simboli apostolorum is, in part, a theological exposition of the Apostles’ Creed – and a fairly lengthy one at that, some 46 pages of Latin in small type in the only modern edition. But it is also a work with a clear preoccupation with Christian apologetic and polemic against Islam, and this is apparent from the beginning. After a brief introduction, including a q…

 Expositio in Apocalypsim

(912 words)

Author(s): McGinn, Bernie
‘Commentary on Revelation’ Joachim of Fiore Date: About 1184-1200 Original Language: Latin Description This is a lengthy work which still has no modern critical edition. After a long Liber introductorius (fols 2v-26v), Joachim divides his commentary into eight parts. Islam and Saladin are discussed in about 25 places in the book (see fols 7a, 8v-9v, 10r, 24v, 76r, 89r, 116r-v, 120r, 130r, 134r-v, 135r, 143r, 149v, 156v, 163r-v, 166v-168r, 170r, 173r, 190v, 192r, 193r, 196r-v, 197r, 210v-211r). Joachim writes from a negative perspective – Islam from the beginning has been…

Eyyūb of Bēth Man’em

(358 words)

Author(s): Palmer and Jack Tannous, Andrew Nicholas
Life of Simeon of the Olives Date of Birth: Mid-7th century Place of Birth: Bēth Man’em, south-east of Midyat in Ṭūr 'Abdīn Date of Death: Mid-8th century Place of Death: Unknown Biography A few biographical details about Eyyūbare given in his Life of Simeon of the Olives. There it is related that his family, among whomwere many scribes, came originally from Ḥabsenus, but because of local disturbances and also in order to be near the monastery of Qartmīn in Ṭūr ʿAbdīn, they moved to the village of Bēth Man’em, south of the monastery. Eyyūb …