Brill’s New Pauly

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by: Hubert Cancik and Helmuth Schneider (Antiquity) and Manfred Landfester (Classical Tradition).
English translation edited by Christine F. Salazar (Antiquity) and Francis G. Gentry (Classical Tradition)

Brill´s New Pauly is the English edition of the authoritative Der Neue Pauly, published by Verlag J.B. Metzler since 1996. The encyclopaedic coverage and high academic standard of the work, the interdisciplinary and contemporary approach and clear and accessible presentation have made the New Pauly the unrivalled modern reference work for the ancient world. The section on Antiquity of Brill´s New Pauly are devoted to Greco-Roman antiquity and cover more than two thousand years of history, ranging from the second millennium BC to early medieval Europe. Special emphasis is given to the interaction between Greco-Roman culture on the one hand, and Semitic, Celtic, Germanic, and Slavonic culture, and ancient Judaism, Christianity, and Islam on the other hand. The section on the Classical Tradition is uniquely concerned with the long and influential aftermath of antiquity and the process of continuous reinterpretation and revaluation of the ancient heritage, including the history of classical scholarship. Brill´s New Pauly presents the current state of traditional and new areas of research and brings together specialist knowledge from leading scholars from all over the world. Many entries are elucidated with maps and illustrations and the English edition will include updated bibliographic references.

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(4 words)

see Padus


(80 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] (Fast. Capitolini, InscrIt 13,1,25; literary form Publicola, Greek Ποπλικόλας/ Poplikólas). Roman cognomen. The etymology is unclear, according to ancient (certainly incorrect) view meaning 'friend of the people' (Liv. 3,18,6). Common in families of the Gellii (Gellius [I 5]) and Valerii. The best-known bearer is P. Valerius P. ( cos. suff. 509 BC). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina, 256  R.M. Ogilvie, A Comm. on Livy, Books 1-5, 21970, 253  H. Volkmann, s.v. Valerius (302), RE 8A, 180  Walde/Hofmann 2, 339.


(210 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[German version] (Ποδαλείριος; Podaleírios). Son of Asclepius and Epione, brother of Machaon, and like him a heroic or divine physician (Hom. Il. 11,833; cf. ibid. 2,731). He is mentioned among the suitors of Helen [1]  (Apollod. 3,131). In the cyclic epics he heals Philoctetes (Apollod. epit. 4,8; cf. Soph. Phil. 1333), diagnoses the madness of Ajax [1] and is finally cast away in Caria, where he founds Syrnus (Apollod. epit. 6,2; 6,18; Paus. 3,26,10). Apart from that, like Asclepius's other child…


(68 words)

Author(s): Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Celts (Πωδανάλα/ Pōdanála). Fortified settlement of the northeastern tetrarchy of the Trocmi on the upper city of the Hittite cult city of Zippalanda (Kuşaklı Hüyük) near Sorgun; it was here that Pompeius [I 3] and Licinius [I 26] Lucullus met in 66 BC (Str. 12,5,2). Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt) Bibliography K. Strobel, Galatica I, in: Orbis Terrarum 3, 1997, 131-153.


(126 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
(Ποδάρκης; Podárkēs). [German version] [1] Leader of the Thessalians at Troy Son of Iphicles, after the death of his brother Protesilaus leader of the Thessalians from Phylace and other cities in the Trojan War (Hom. Il. 2,704; 13,693). He kills the Amazon Clonie and is killed by Penthesilea (Quint. Smyrn. 1,233-248; 818-829 after the Little Iliad). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) [German version] [2] Son of the Trojan king Laomedon Son of the Trojan king Laomedon [1], original name of Priamus. In the first Trojan War he is the only one of Laomedon's sons spared by Heracles [1], and is 'bought' ( apò toû …


(109 words)

Author(s): Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel)
[German version] (Ποδάργη/ Podárgē, 'the swift of foot'). One of the  Harpies; mother of Achilles' horses Balius and Xanthus (Hom. Il. 19,400). Zephyrus impregnates P. while she is grazing by the river Oceanus (Hom. Il. 16,150f.; Eust. ad Hom. Il. 16,150f., p. 1050,58ff.). P. is also the mother of Phlogeus and Harpagus (Stesich. PMGF fr. 178), the horses of the Dioscuri. A horse of Erechtheus that was also called P. has Boreas and a Harpy as parents (Nonn. Dion. 37,157); here the maternal name transfers to the daughter. According to one version Areion too…


(53 words)

Author(s): Johannsen, Nina (Kiel)
[German version] (Πόδαργος/ Pódargos). Name of various mythical horses. P. is the name of a horse belonging to Hector (Hom. Il. 8,185), to Menelaus [1] ( ibid. 23,295), and of one of the man-eating horses of king Diomedes [1] of Thrace, which are killed by  Heracles [1] (Hyg. Fab. 30). Johannsen, Nina (Kiel)


(4 words)

see Arikamedu


(81 words)

Author(s): Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel)
[German version] (Ποίας/ Poías). Father of Philoctetes (Hom. Od. 3,190), son of Thaumacus, husband of Demonassa [2]; one of the Argonauts (Apollod. 1,112; 141), he kills the Cretan Talos. His son is the ruler of the regions of Meliboea, Methone, Olizon and Thaumacia on the Magnesia peninsula (Hom. Il. 2,716). P. sets fire to Heracles [1]' funeral pyre on the Oete river; for this he receives Heracles' bow, which he bequeaths on to his son (Apollod. 2,160). Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel)


(152 words)

Author(s): Külzer, Andreas (Vienna)
[German version] (Ποιήεσσα/ Poiḗessa, Ποιᾶσσα/ Poiâssa, Ποιῆσσα/ Poiêssa). City in the southwest of Ceos [1] at modern Pisses. An acropolis and remains of walls lie on a steep cape. In the area early Cycladic pottery  (3rd millennium BC) has been found. Few remains survive (foundations, columns). Temples to Apollo Smintheus and  Athena Nedousia are recorded in Str. 10,5,6. To the northeast of P. a mighty Hellenistic watchtower has been found. In the Hellenistic Period P. was incorporated into the polis…


(105 words)

Author(s): Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel)
[German version] (Ποίμανδρος/ Poímandros). Son of Chaeresileus and Stratonice (Paus. 9,20,1), P. was said to have founded the Boeotian city of Poemandria (Plut. Quaest. Graec. 37), also referred to as Tanagra (Steph. Byz. s.v. Ποιμανδρία; Schol. Lycophr. 326). Polycrithus, architect of the new foundation, mocked the city walls by jumping over them. P., annoyed, threw a stone at him, missed and instead struck his own son Leucippus a mortal blow. Achilles [1], however, saw to it that P. was purified …


(517 words)

Author(s): Holzhausen, Jens (Bamberg)
[German version] (Ποιμάνδρης/ Poimándrēs). Source of divine revelation in the first tract of the Corpus Hermeticum (= CH) which was named after him. Perhaps the Coptic connection p-eime nte-rē ('spiritual power of the sun god'), for which evidence is lacking, underlies the name, omitting the article before , thus being a paraphrase of the Egyptian god Thoth (cf. Psenprēs, 'son of Re'). The name corresponds to P.' description of himself: ho tês authentías Noûs, 'the spirit of the highest power' (CH I 1; cf. PGM XIII 258: Re as authéntēs). At the same time there is a Greek etymology…

Poems, division of

(775 words)

Author(s): Heyworth, Stephen (Oxford) | Wilson, Nigel (Oxford)
Marking the end of one poem and the beginning of another in MSS [German version] A. Antiquity The division of poems is a delicate subject in the transmission of many poets who wrote books containing several poems [6. 117-148; 4. 3-6]. A similar problem exists for the tradition of short prose, esp. in epistolography (on Seneca's letters [6. 148-196]). Another problem is the division of books (cf. the articles on individual authors, e.g. Homer, Propertius). Regarding the aids used in Antiquity for dividing poetic works and prose into different sections and units, see …


(547 words)

Author(s): Forgó, Nikolaus (Vienna)
[German version] Poena was originally a loan word from the Greek (ποινή, poinḗ ), which generally defines monetary fines and punishment in Roman law. At first poena just described the monetary compensation, paid to the injured person or his relatives in order to persuade them by law to forego their revenge (Twelve Tables, table 8,3-4). In the course of time the meaning was expanded towards a more general concept. Therefore, as early as the last two centuries BC, p oena described every punishment which could be inflicted to avenge a violation of the law. This was independen…


(5 words)

see Phoenicians, Poeni

Poenius Postumus

(58 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Equestrian praefectus [5] castrorum of the Legio II Augusta in Britain, who did not follow the orders of the governor Suetonius Paulinus during Boudicca's revolution in AD 60. Since he had deprived his legion of participation in the victory he killed himself (Tac. Ann. 14,34-37, esp. 37,3). PIR2 P 530. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Poetae novelli

(137 words)

Author(s): Beck, Jan-Wilhelm (Bochum)
[German version] Common term for Latin poets of the 2nd cent. AD although, as a consequence of new findings, this includes poets of the 3rd cent. AD (Alfius [4] Avitus, Annianus, Florus [1], Hadrianus [1], Septimius Serenus). The term is not an ancient one and is nowadays repudiated; it was taken by earlier scholars from the 'Metrics' of Terentianus Maurus (V. 1973; 2528) who generally compared earlier and later exemplary authors of the genre. The PN were initially and incorrectly regarded as a closely associated group or school who worked together, comparable to the N…

Poeta Vates

(2,159 words)

Author(s): Tiedemann, Rüdiger v.
Tiedemann, Rüdiger v. [German version] A. History of the Term (CT) According to the oldest documents (Enn. Ann. 214; Plaut. Mil. 911), the Latin word vates was generally used in the sense of the Greek mántis or chrēsmōidós to mean diviner, soothsayer. It received a semantic variation from Varro (116-27 BC). He defines it (Varro, Ling. 7,36) as the original term for the old poets ( antiquos poetas) and thus imparts to it a poetological significance that is given much play in the Augustan era. In Virgil, Horace and Ovid, among others, one finds vates as the designation for a poet, especia…


(484 words)

Author(s): Müller, Christian (Bochum)
Plebeian family, which produced a succession of important representatives in the 4th cent. BC (family tree in [1]). [German version] [1] P., Q. Decemvir in 450 BC As a member of the second collegium of the decemviri in 450 BC (MRR 1, 46f.) he is said to have been sent into battle against an incursion by the Sabines (Liv. 3,41,9; Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 11,23,1). Müller, Christian (Bochum) [German version] [2] P. Libo, M. Consul 314 BC As consul in 314 BC, P. achieved a victory with his counterpart Sulpicius Longus against the Samnites (Liv. 9,24-26; Diod. Sic. 19,76,1-5). Ac…


(4,214 words)

Author(s): Müller-Richter, Klaus (Tübingen RWG)
Müller-Richter, Klaus (Tübingen RWG) [German version] A. Definition (CT) As far as the historical development of poetics from Antiquity to the 20th cent. is concerned, one may distinguish, besides (a) the aspect of the ontological-anthropological foundation of writing poetry, four additional fields of argumentation in poetics, oriented toward the functional  model of language: (b) considerations from the viewpoint of the aesthetics of production, concerning the author and the emergence of literature; (c…
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