Brill’s New Pauly

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by: Hubert Cancik and Helmuth Schneider (Antiquity) and Manfred Landfester (Classical Tradition).
English translation edited by Christine F. Salazar (Antiquity) and Francis G. Gentry (Classical Tradition)

Brill´s New Pauly is the English edition of the authoritative Der Neue Pauly, published by Verlag J.B. Metzler since 1996. The encyclopaedic coverage and high academic standard of the work, the interdisciplinary and contemporary approach and clear and accessible presentation have made the New Pauly the unrivalled modern reference work for the ancient world. The section on Antiquity of Brill´s New Pauly are devoted to Greco-Roman antiquity and cover more than two thousand years of history, ranging from the second millennium BC to early medieval Europe. Special emphasis is given to the interaction between Greco-Roman culture on the one hand, and Semitic, Celtic, Germanic, and Slavonic culture, and ancient Judaism, Christianity, and Islam on the other hand. The section on the Classical Tradition is uniquely concerned with the long and influential aftermath of antiquity and the process of continuous reinterpretation and revaluation of the ancient heritage, including the history of classical scholarship. Brill´s New Pauly presents the current state of traditional and new areas of research and brings together specialist knowledge from leading scholars from all over the world. Many entries are elucidated with maps and illustrations and the English edition will include updated bibliographic references.

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II Roman

(108 words)

Author(s): Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt/Main)
[No German version] [II 1] Provincial jurist, beginning of the 3rd cent. AD A provincial jurist of the Greek-speaking area [3], who under Septimius Severus and Caracalla (early 3rd cent. AD) wrote tractates on extraordinary procedural law -- the first in classical jurisprudence (

Ikrion

(5 words)

see  Shipbuilding;  Theatre

Ilai

(4 words)

see  Cavalry

Ilerda

(181 words)

Author(s): Barceló, Pedro (Potsdam)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Caesar | | Pyrenean peninsula Ancient Iberian city on the Sicoris (modern Segre), modern Lérida (loss of the Iberian prefix I). Remains are mostly found above the modern city. Inscriptions: CIL II Suppl. p. 1146. Possibly already mentioned in Avien. 475. I. repeatedly played a role in Roman military history, especially in Caesar's battles with Pompey's legates. Augustus raised I. to the status of municipium (coins, Plin. HN 3,24). It is still mentioned several times in Ausonius (e.g. commemoratio professoru…

Ilergetes

(86 words)

Author(s): Barceló, Pedro (Potsdam)

Ilex

(4 words)

see  Oak

Ilia

(5 words)

Ilias

(5 words)

see  Homerus [1]

Ilias Latina

(502 words)

Author(s): Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA)
[German version] Baehrens attributed the name to a Latin poem that abbreviates Homer's Iliad to 1,070 hexameters. It is quoted by  Lactantius [2] Placidus in regard to Stat. Theb. 6,114 (121) under the name of Homerus, which also appears in the titles of most of the early medieval MSS. Later it is attributed to Pindarus for unknown reasons. The only other trace of the I.L. from antiquity is the imitation by  Dracontius [3]. The prologue (= Il. 1,1-7) offers the acrostic ITALICPS, the (non-Homeric) epilogue SCQIPSIT. The latter can easily be amended into SCRI…

Ilias parva

(320 words)

Author(s): Latacz, Joachim (Basle)
[German version] (Ἰλιὰς μικρά/ Iliàs mikrá, the ‘Little Iliad’). Lost part of the  Epic cycle. Except for short summaries in the Chrestomathia by  Proclus [2], the epitome by  Apollodorus [7], and a few testimonia, only seven direct quotations with a total of 26 hexameters [1; 2; 3. 95] are available for reconstruction and dating. According to Proclus, the work comprises 4 bks., the starting point apparently (in this, Proclus agrees with Aristot. Poet. 1459a 37-b 7 [4. 2411]) being the Hóplōn krísis (the decision on who deserves Achilles' armour). The opus must therefore h…

Iliberis

(242 words)

Author(s): Barceló, Pedro (Potsdam)
[German version] [1] I., Iliberri This item can be found on the following maps: Christianity | Pyrenean peninsula Iberian town, probably near Granada in the Sierra de Elvira. Mentioned in Plin. HN 3,10 and Ptol. 2,4,9. Diocese in the Christian era, site of the concilium Eliberitanum (AD 306 ?) [1]. Often mentioned on coins and in inscriptions, here several times as municipium Florentinum (e.g. CIL II 1572; 2070). After the Arab invasion, the town appears to have steadily declined and the population to have moved to Garnatha, modern Granada. Inscriptions: CIL II p. 285ff., Suppl. p. 1146. Ba…

Ilici

(182 words)

Author(s): Barceló, Pedro (Potsdam)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: | Coloniae | Punic Wars | Pyrenean peninsula Ancient Iberian town, in late antiquity Elece, modern Elche. It is assumed that Hamilcar [3] Barka died here in 228 BC; however, this must be corrected in favour of Helice (Elche de la Sierra) [2. 11f.]. In the Roman era, I. was colonia immunis (Plin. HN 3,19). In its harbour the fleet of Maiorianus was destroyed by Vandali in AD 460 [3. 81f.]. In the Visigothic period, I. is often mentioned as a diocese [3. 449]. The ancient site lay somewhat close…

Ilienses

(129 words)

Author(s): Meloni, Piero (Cagliari)
[German version] Ancient (Mela 2,123) Sardinian tribe; besides the Corsi, the only one not subjugated by Rome (Paus. 10,17,8f.). Pliny (HN 3,85) names three non-urbanized peoples under the heading provinciae, among them the I. Livy recalls the victorious campaigns of 181 BC (Liv. 40,34,12ff.) and 178-176 (Liv. 41,6,5ff.; 12,4ff.). The location of their settlements is doubtful - possibly from Marghine in the north (cf. the inscriptions on the nuraghes of Aidu Entos Ili( ensium) iur(a)) to Ogliastra in the south (Flor. Epit. 1,22,35, mention of I. in connection with the montes Insani lo…

I (linguistics)

(533 words)

Author(s): Forssman, Bernhard (Erlangen)
[German version] A. Phonology The tenth letter of the Greek  alphabet had the following sounds: 1. vocalic (syllabic) ı̆ in δίκη, τίς, 2. vocalic ı̄ in ἴς ‘strength’, 3. consonantal (non-syllabic.) i̯, the latter applies to short diphthongs ( ai̯; early classical ei̯; oi̯), long diphthongs ( āi̯; ę̄i̯; ǭi̯) as well as after vocalic i (non-phonematic): αἴθω, δείκνυμι, οἰνή, τοῖο; χώρᾹι dat., τιμῆι, ἀγρῶι, ἠῶιος; Pamphylian διια [5. 312]. I had a similar value in Latin: 1. ı̆ in dictus, quis, 2.  ı̄ in uı̄s ‘strength’, fı̄o, 3. in Old Latin aide accusative ‘temple’, ex-deicendum, oino ac…

Ilione

(126 words)

Author(s): Waldner, Katharina (Berlin)
[German version] (Ἰλιόνη; Iliónē). Oldest daughter of  Priamus and  Hecabe, wife of Polymestor, the Thracian (Verg. Aen. 1,653f. mentions her sceptre which Aeneas brings from Ilion; cf. Hyg. Fab. 90). She raises her youngest brother  Polydorus along with her and Polymestor's son  Deipylus. After the end of the Trojan War, Agamemnon induces Polymestor to kill Polydorus. He unknowingly kills his own son, since I. had passed Deipylus off as her brother. The real Polydorus then instigates I. to kill he…

Ilioneus

(67 words)

Author(s): Visser, Edzard (Basle)
[German version] (Ἰλιονεύς; Ilioneús). Trojan warrior, son of a farmer by the name of Phorbas who was very wealthy due to his close connection to  Hermes; killed in battle by  Peneleus, the Minyaean prince (Hom. Il. 14,487-507). Virgil uses this name for the oldest leader of the Trojan refugees (A. 1,521 et passim). Visser, Edzard (Basle) Bibliography P. Wathelet, Dictionnaire des Troyens de l'Iliade, 1988, no. 161.

Ilipa

(146 words)

Author(s): Barceló, Pedro (Potsdam)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Punic Wars Modern Alcalá del Río (from the Arabic for ‘river fortification’) on the right bank of the  Baetis. The name and town are Iberian [1. 1221]. I. was important for navigation (Str. 3,2,3; CIL II 1085), but also because of nearby silver mines (Str. l.c.), agriculture and fishing (coins), which earned it the epithet Magna (Ptol. 2,4,10; Plin. HN 3,11?). P. Cornelius Scipio defeated the Carthaginians near I. in 206 BC. I. was mentioned as a diocese in the Visigothic period [2. 216]. Barceló, Pedro (Potsdam) Bibliography 1 …

Ilipula

(183 words)

Author(s): Barceló, Pedro (Potsdam)
There were several towns with this name in the province of  Hispania Baetica [3. 1225]. Often they are difficult to distinguish from Ilipa, Ilipla, Elepla, Elipla [1]. Only the most important are briefly listed here. [German version] [1] I. Magna (Ptol. 2,4,9) or I. Laus ( Iulia?, Plin. HN 3,10). Location unknown. Barceló, Pedro (Potsdam) [German version] [2] I. Minor (Plin. HN 3,12; CIL II 1469f.), modern Repla, south of Osuna. Barceló, Pedro (Potsdam) [German version] [3] I., Ilipla ([2]; Ptol. 2,410). Between  Baetis and Anas, modern Niebla. The ruins of the old town a…

Ilis(s)us

(202 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ἰλισός/ Ilisós, Ἰλισσός/ Ilissós). One of the two main rivers of the plain of Athens (Str. 9,1,24), the other being the  Cephis(s)us [2]. Having its source on the north-western slope of the  Hymettus it turned towards the southwest at the southern edge of Athens (today completely built over and as in antiquity seasonal). It is disputed whether the I. emptied itself into the sea at Phalerum or into the Cephisus north of Piraeus [2. 164 fig. 213]. The Eridanus (Paus. 1,19,5) was a tri…

Ilium, Ilius

(5 words)

see  Troy
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