Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 9 : The Early Mediterranean World, 1200–600 BC

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Ranging in time from the end of the Bronze Age to the dawn of the so-called historical period (12th-6th centuries BC), this compendium presents the first complete survey of the early history of all the cultures along the coasts of the Mediterranean. In addition to the Phoenicians, Greeks and Etruscans, these also include many other peoples, such as the Iberians, Ligurians, Thracians, Phrygians, Luwians, Aramaeans and Libyans. The volume brings together the knowledge gained from material, textual and pictorial sources in all disciplines working in this field, including Near Eastern, Phoenician, Carthaginian and biblical archaeology, Aegean and North African studies, Villanovan studies and Etruscology, Iberology, early Greek historiography and Dark Ages studies. As a whole, this period was characterized by the intermingling of cultures around the Mediterranean Rim, and the main focus of content is therefore on contacts, the transfer of culture and knowledge and key common themes, such as mobility, religion, resources, languages and writing. With indices and numerous tables and maps of Pauly quality.

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2.3.5. Etruria, Etruscans

(5,172 words)

Author(s): Bentz, Martin
A. Topography, language and religion [German source] The term Etruria here designates not only the region of Italy inhabited by the Etruscans between the 7th and 1st centuries, but also the region within which their precursors, the ‘Proto-Etruscan’  Villanovan Culture of the IA (9th–8th cents.), expanded (BNP Atlas 65), itself building on the foundation laid by the FBA  Protovillanova phase (BNP Atlas 31). The Etruscan heartland comprised the territory between the Arno and the Apennines in the north, the Tiber in the south and east and the Tyrrhenian S…
Date: 2018-08-16

2.2.4. Etruscans and Greeks in southern France

(1,130 words)

Author(s): Mansel, Karin
A. Until the mid-6th century [German source] Around the mid-7th century, Mediterranean objects are found only sporadically in southern France, that is, at  Agde in Languedoc. These items were probably  hospitality gifts from Etruria, southern Italy or Sicily (2.3.21.), such as five skyphoi (wine cups) and one oinochoe (wine jug) of the Protocorinthian type [5142 f.]; [12] (cf. Southern French Iron Age 2.2.3.; Tarquinia 2.3.7.; Greeks in Southern Italy 2.3.17.; Greeks on Sicily 2.3.24.). By the end of the century, however, small quantities of Etr…
Date: 2018-08-16