Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 9 : The Early Mediterranean World, 1200–600 BC

Get access Subject: Classical Studies

Ranging in time from the end of the Bronze Age to the dawn of the so-called historical period (12th-6th centuries BC), this compendium presents the first complete survey of the early history of all the cultures along the coasts of the Mediterranean. In addition to the Phoenicians, Greeks and Etruscans, these also include many other peoples, such as the Iberians, Ligurians, Thracians, Phrygians, Luwians, Aramaeans and Libyans. The volume brings together the knowledge gained from material, textual and pictorial sources in all disciplines working in this field, including Near Eastern, Phoenician, Carthaginian and biblical archaeology, Aegean and North African studies, Villanovan studies and Etruscology, Iberology, early Greek historiography and Dark Ages studies. As a whole, this period was characterized by the intermingling of cultures around the Mediterranean Rim, and the main focus of content is therefore on contacts, the transfer of culture and knowledge and key common themes, such as mobility, religion, resources, languages and writing. With indices and numerous tables and maps of Pauly quality.

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2.3.7. Tarquinia and Gravisca

(1,211 words)

Author(s): Bentz, Martin
A. Tarquinia [German source] Tarquinia (Etruscan Tarchna/Tarchuna, Latin Tarquinii, Greek Tarchṓ nion) was the most important southern Etruscan city in the EIA and (with  Cerveteri/Caere (2.3.6.)) the  Orientalizing and Archaic Periods [15]; [9]; [13]. Tarquinia is around 8 km from the coast; the ancient city sat on a plateau known as the Pian di Civita. Cemeteries are located around (and on) the surrounding hills. To the south, the territory of Tarquinia meets that of Cerveteri/Caere at the River Mignone, to the north that of  Vulci. It probably extended far into the hinterla…
Date: 2018-08-16

2.1.8. Tartessus

(2,093 words)

Author(s): Bartelheim, Martin
A. Name and geography [German source] The name Tartessus, recorded in classical literary sources, belongs to a cultural complex at the transition from the BA to the IA in the southern Iberian Peninsula. Its exact geographical extent, nature and historical and archaeological definition are subjects of some controversy. However, the approximate location of this cultural sphere in the vicinity of the ‘Pillars of Hercules’ along the river later called Baetis (Guadalquivir) is generally accepted today [1]. The wealthy and long-lived ‘king’ ( basileus) Arganthonius of Tartessus me…
Date: 2018-08-16