Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 9 : The Early Mediterranean World, 1200–600 BC

Get access Subject: Classical Studies

Ranging in time from the end of the Bronze Age to the dawn of the so-called historical period (12th-6th centuries BC), this compendium presents the first complete survey of the early history of all the cultures along the coasts of the Mediterranean. In addition to the Phoenicians, Greeks and Etruscans, these also include many other peoples, such as the Iberians, Ligurians, Thracians, Phrygians, Luwians, Aramaeans and Libyans. The volume brings together the knowledge gained from material, textual and pictorial sources in all disciplines working in this field, including Near Eastern, Phoenician, Carthaginian and biblical archaeology, Aegean and North African studies, Villanovan studies and Etruscology, Iberology, early Greek historiography and Dark Ages studies. As a whole, this period was characterized by the intermingling of cultures around the Mediterranean Rim, and the main focus of content is therefore on contacts, the transfer of culture and knowledge and key common themes, such as mobility, religion, resources, languages and writing. With indices and numerous tables and maps of Pauly quality.

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Regional maps (RM)

(74 words)

RM: Regional maps (overview) RM 1: Iberian Peninsula RM 2: Western North Africa RM 3: Southern France, Northern Italy and Central Europe RM 4: Central Italy RM 5: Southern Italy, Sardinia, Sicily and North Africa RM 6: Adriatic and the Balkans RM 7: Greece, the Aegean and western Asia Minor RM 8: Central Asia Minor, the Levant and Cyprus RM 9: Central North Africa (west) RM 10: Central North Africa (east) RM 11: Eastern North Africa, northern Arabia and the southern Levant
Date: 2018-08-16

3.3.1. Religion: Central and western Mediterranean

(5,706 words)

Author(s): Rüpke, Jörg
A. Introduction [German source] Italy, Sicily,  Malta and Tunisia form a central chain through the Mediterranean that, rather than dividing it, has served it as a bridge at various phases. The Alpine arc to the north was permeable in many respects, channelling rather than hindering cultural and economic exchange. The narrow Adriatic did not render lasting contact between Italy and the Balkans impossible in the 3rd and 2nd millennia [66181]; [63]; [2], but it must be said that the eastern coast of Italy was less than attractive in terms of harbours and coastal navigation [75173].The main …
Date: 2018-08-16

3.3.2. Religion: Eastern Mediterranean

(7,430 words)

Author(s): Niehr, Herbert | Wittke, Anne-Maria | Kubisch, Sabine | Matthäus, Hartmut
A. General principles [German source] Scholars often treat the religions of the Levant (Eastern Mediterranean world 2.7.) in the context of the ‘Fertile Crescent’. This concept, however, brings together the religions of Mesopotamia, Anatolia and Egypt as dominant, while tending to neglect those of the Aramaeans (2.7.2.), the Phoenician cities 2.7.3., Israel (2.7.5.) and Judah (2.7.6.). Lumping cultures like Egypt and Mesopotamia together also has the effect of glossing over differences between them. …
Date: 2018-08-16

3.3.3. Religion: Sacral spaces and cultural contacts

(10,952 words)

Author(s): Schweizer, Beat
A. Sacral spaces: a definition [German source] In order to assess the significance of sacral spaces to cultural contacts (1.3.) in the Mediterranean world between 1200 and 600, the term must first be defined. Sacral spaces here will be understood in a general sense as spaces of communication between this world and worlds beyond, that is, between the world of the living on the one hand and that of the gods or that of the dead on the other. Access to these two types of sacral spaces (Religion: Central an…
Date: 2018-08-16