Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 9 : The Early Mediterranean World, 1200–600 BC

Get access Subject: Classical Studies

Ranging in time from the end of the Bronze Age to the dawn of the so-called historical period (12th-6th centuries BC), this compendium presents the first complete survey of the early history of all the cultures along the coasts of the Mediterranean. In addition to the Phoenicians, Greeks and Etruscans, these also include many other peoples, such as the Iberians, Ligurians, Thracians, Phrygians, Luwians, Aramaeans and Libyans. The volume brings together the knowledge gained from material, textual and pictorial sources in all disciplines working in this field, including Near Eastern, Phoenician, Carthaginian and biblical archaeology, Aegean and North African studies, Villanovan studies and Etruscology, Iberology, early Greek historiography and Dark Ages studies. As a whole, this period was characterized by the intermingling of cultures around the Mediterranean Rim, and the main focus of content is therefore on contacts, the transfer of culture and knowledge and key common themes, such as mobility, religion, resources, languages and writing. With indices and numerous tables and maps of Pauly quality.

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2.8.10. Malta

(1,855 words)

Author(s): Bonanno, Anthony
A. Chronology and cultural classification [German source] After a period of relative isolation, during which the archipelago’s megalith temple culture flourished (3600–2500), Malta resumed its participation in the transregional movements of peoples and ideas in the BA (2500–900). A single people was living on the Maltese islands (Malta, Gozo and Comino) by around 1500, known as the Borġ in-Nadur Culture. Settlements were located on high, easily defensible hilltops and were sometimes fortified with ‘Cyc…
Date: 2018-08-16

2.2.5. Massilia

(1,821 words)

Author(s): Mansel, Karin
A. Location, topography and architecture [German source] Massalía (Latin  Massilia, now Marseille) was founded around 600 by Ionians from  Phocaea (now Foça, Izmir Province, Turkey [7993–995]) on a peninsula in a deeply-incised bay on the rocky coast southeast of the mouth of the Rhône (cf. Etruscans and Greeks in southern France 2.2.4.). To the west, the bay opens up to the sea, and to the east it gives way to a marshy area with streams. The hinterland is mountainous. Despite continuous settlement, even the early phase…
Date: 2018-08-16

1.4.2. Material sources and archaeology

(6,478 words)

Author(s): Kistler, Erich
A. The fragmentation of the Mediterranean in archaeological scholarship [German source] A.1. Archaeology and western identityAn identitarian ‘archaeology of knowledge’ (Michel Foucault) was established in written form a good two thousand years before the advent of modern archaeology. Homer’s  Odyssey (8th/7th cents.) plumbs archetypal depths of the Mediterranean as a place of experience and memory for both transmaritime diasporas and continental populations [20]. On the one hand, the Mediterranean constitutes the famous body of water that separates the th…
Date: 2018-08-16

3.5.2. Metal extraction and processing

(5,281 words)

Author(s): Stöllner, Thomas | Bartelheim, Martin
A. Preliminary note [German source] Given the impossibility of sufficiently describing the extraction, processing and use of all the raw materials that significant resources for LBA and IA societies in the Mediterranean, metals and metallurgy have been chosen by way of example to illustrate the pan-Mediterranean economic and cultural linkages that went hand in hand with the distribution and circulation of materials in general (cf. also Economy and exchange 3.5.1.). The choice of this particular group…
Date: 2018-08-16