Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 9 : The Early Mediterranean World, 1200–600 BC

Get access Subject: Classical Studies

Ranging in time from the end of the Bronze Age to the dawn of the so-called historical period (12th-6th centuries BC), this compendium presents the first complete survey of the early history of all the cultures along the coasts of the Mediterranean. In addition to the Phoenicians, Greeks and Etruscans, these also include many other peoples, such as the Iberians, Ligurians, Thracians, Phrygians, Luwians, Aramaeans and Libyans. The volume brings together the knowledge gained from material, textual and pictorial sources in all disciplines working in this field, including Near Eastern, Phoenician, Carthaginian and biblical archaeology, Aegean and North African studies, Villanovan studies and Etruscology, Iberology, early Greek historiography and Dark Ages studies. As a whole, this period was characterized by the intermingling of cultures around the Mediterranean Rim, and the main focus of content is therefore on contacts, the transfer of culture and knowledge and key common themes, such as mobility, religion, resources, languages and writing. With indices and numerous tables and maps of Pauly quality.

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1.1. Landscapes of the Mediterranean world

(3,849 words)

Author(s): Von Rüden, Constance
A. The concept of ‘landscape’ [German source] ‘Landscape’ as the term is used here should not be understood in an idealized aesthetic sense, but rather in the sense prevalent in culture studies: as the subjective perception and construction of a space informed by culture. ‘Landscapes are created by people – through their experience and engagement with the world around them. They may be close-grained, worked-upon, lived-in places, or they may be distant and half-fantasised’ [4 1]. Approaching the subject in this way makes it possible to discuss in coherent and balance…
Date: 2018-08-16

3.7.1. Languages and scripts

(4,670 words)

Author(s): Meiser, Gerhard
A. Introduction [German source] The use of writing was known in a number of regions around the Mediterranean between ca. 1600 and 600 (cf. fig. 2; on the topic of literacy/orality, cf. Written sources 1.4.1.). The places where writing first arose warrant first mention: Egypt, where the hieroglyphic and cursive hieratic scripts developed side by side since the late 4th millennium; Mesopotamia, where Sumerian cuneiform arose during the same perio…
Date: 2018-08-16

2.1.3. Late/Final Bronze Age Levante

(1,458 words)

Author(s): Bartelheim, Martin
A. Geography and chronology [German source] The name Levante denotes the region of the Iberian Peninsula on the east coast between the Iberus/Ebro River to the north and the Segura to the south. Mountain chains border this flat, fertile landscape to the west, separating it from the high plateau of the southern meseta, to which only a few river valleys (e.g. Segura, Júcar, Vinalopó) permit one to cross relatively easily.The chronology of the BA in the Spanish Levante today largely follows the periodization of the so-called Bronce Valenciano elaborated by [6], which for the period …
Date: 2018-08-16

2.3.9. Latial Culture

(3,899 words)

Author(s): Zuchtriegel, Gabriel
A. Name, location and language [German source] The Latin-speaking population groups south of the Tiber were known as  Latins/ Latini since at least the 7th century (BNP Atlas 67; Languages and scripts 3.7.1.). Hesiod already mentions a King  Latinus (Hes. Theog. 1011–1016). An Etruscan inscription of the second half of the 7th century at  Veii mentions one  Tite Latine, probably meaning ‘Titus the Latin’ (ET Ve 2.4; cf. also Ta 7.5 from the Tomba degli Auguri, dated to ca. 530, at Tarquinia 2.3.7.: Latiθe of  Latium?). Roman Republican and Imperial sources call the region bet…
Date: 2018-08-16

2.5.7. Lefkandi

(1,402 words)

Author(s): Ruppenstein, Florian
A. Settlement [German source] British archaeologists began to excavate Lefkandi, on the west coast of  Euboea (2.5.4.) between Chalcis and Eretria, in 1964. For two reasons, the site was a great stroke of good fortune for the study of EIA Greece. For one thing, the finds suggest that Lefkandi was one of the most important settlements in Greece in the early 1st millennium, with commercial relations far afield. For another, the settlement was permanently abandoned at an early date, so that the findings were not destroyed by subsequent overbuilding.Lefkandi was permanently inhabited …
Date: 2018-08-16