Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 9 : The Early Mediterranean World, 1200–600 BC

Get access Subject: Classical Studies

Ranging in time from the end of the Bronze Age to the dawn of the so-called historical period (12th-6th centuries BC), this compendium presents the first complete survey of the early history of all the cultures along the coasts of the Mediterranean. In addition to the Phoenicians, Greeks and Etruscans, these also include many other peoples, such as the Iberians, Ligurians, Thracians, Phrygians, Luwians, Aramaeans and Libyans. The volume brings together the knowledge gained from material, textual and pictorial sources in all disciplines working in this field, including Near Eastern, Phoenician, Carthaginian and biblical archaeology, Aegean and North African studies, Villanovan studies and Etruscology, Iberology, early Greek historiography and Dark Ages studies. As a whole, this period was characterized by the intermingling of cultures around the Mediterranean Rim, and the main focus of content is therefore on contacts, the transfer of culture and knowledge and key common themes, such as mobility, religion, resources, languages and writing. With indices and numerous tables and maps of Pauly quality.

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2.8.5. Garamantes and Fezzan

(3,058 words)

Author(s): Mattingly, David
A. Introduction [German source] The Fezzan (Berber; Arabic Fizzān; cf. Latin Phasania and B.) in the Central  Sahara played an important part in the early history of the desert civilizations. This was the heartland of the Garamantes (Greek Garámantes; cf. also Eastern Maghreb 2.8.4.). Ancient authors classified them as barbarian nomads, but archaeological findings have now cast their politics, culture and economy in a different light [20]. The Garamantes practised oasis agriculture since early 1st millennium, and they introduced advanced irrigation technolog…
Date: 2018-08-16