Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 8 : The Reception of Antiquity in Renaissance Humanism

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by : Manfred Landfester

For the thinkers, artists and scholars of the Renaissance, antiquity was a major source of inspiration; it provided renewed modes of scholarship, led to corrections of received doctrine and proved a wellspring of new achievements in almost every area of human life. The 130 articles in this volume cover not only well known figures of the Renaissance such as Copernicus, Dürer, and Erasmus but also overall themes such as architecture, agriculture, economics, philosophy and philology as well as many others.

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Boccaccio, Giovanni

(2,774 words)

Author(s): Wolfzettel, Friedrich (Frankfurt am Main)
A. LifeThe Italian poet and Humanist scholar B. was born in June or July 1313, the illegitimate son of a merchant at Certaldo or Florence. He died at Certaldo on December 21, 1375. B. was destined for a career as a merchant [18]; [21]. Employed at his father's company, he was educated in the  artes liberales, especially arithmetic. In 1327 he accompanied his father to Naples, where the latter was an advisor to Robert I of Anjou, King of Naples. After his years of schooling, B. went on to study law at Naples with Cino da Pistoia, absorbing the cultu…
Date: 2016-11-24

Bodin, Jean

(1,711 words)

Author(s): Maissen, Thomas (Paris)
A. Life and workThe French jurist, philosopher, historian and politician Jean B. was born in 1529/30 at Angers, the son of a textile merchant, and died at Laon in 1596. He first became a Carmelite monk, then, after Humanist training in law ( mos gallicus) at Toulouse (1550–1560) he became an advocate at the Paris  Parlement, the estates' organ of jurisdiction. He was an advisor to King Charles IX, then of his brothers François d'Alençon and Henri III, and a spokesman for the Third Estate at the Estates-General of 1576. As a Gallican politique, to whom worldly peace and state authority w…
Date: 2016-11-24

Botticelli, Sandro

(1,649 words)

Author(s): Hinz, Berthold (Kassel)
A. Life and workBorn Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi, the Italian painter and draughtsman of the early Renaissance Sandro "B." was born around 1445 at Florence, where he was buried on May 17, 1510 (cemetery of Ognisanti). He was the youngest of four sons of the bark tanner Mariano di Vanni Filipepi. The nickname B. ('Little Barrel') endures to this day. B. remained associated with his home city of Florence for his entire life. At his father's behest, and not unusually for a Florentine artist, he lea…
Date: 2016-11-24

Bramante

(1,716 words)

Author(s): Gáldy, Andrea M. (München)
A. Life and workThe Italian architect and painter known as B. was born Donato d'Angelo in 1444 at Monte Asdrualdo (now Fermignano, near Urbino). He died on March 11, 1514, at Rome. His biography by Giorgio Vasari is rich in detail [2]; [4]. B. probably trained as a painter with Luciano Laurana at Urbino. A.1. MilanFrom 1479 to 1499, B. was in the service of Duke Lodovico ('il Moro') Sforza at Milan [8]. While there, he was involved in the design of a number of churches (Santa Maria presso San Satiro; Santa Maria delle Grazie; Sant'Ambrogio), drawing on the infl…
Date: 2016-11-24

Brant, Sebastian

(2,437 words)

Author(s): Riedel, Volker (Berlin)
A. LifeThe German Humanist, jurist, poet, historian, editor and translator Sebastian B. took the Latinized Humanist name Titio ('firebrand'), but it never stuck. Probably born on August 31, 1457, the son of an innkeeper at Strasbourg, he died in the same city on May 10, 1521. In 1485 he married Elisabeth Bürgi of Basle (seven children). He studied the artes liberales from 1475, and probably law from 1476, at the University of Basle, which had been founded in 1459. He took a baccalaureate in law in 1477/78 and a licentiate in 1484. In 1489 he was  Doctor utriusque iuris and extraordinary …
Date: 2016-11-24

Bridge architecture

(1,298 words)

Author(s): Erben, Dietrich (München)
A. Principles and challenges Ancient bridges were visible to later eras as sections of roads constructed with great architectural sophistication and as aqueducts conducting water across impassable terrain. Like ancient roads, many bridges remained in use after Antiquity, some even to this day (e.g. Pons Fabricius/Ponte dei Quattro Capi and Pons Aelius/Ponte Sant'Angelo in Rome, others at Salamanca, Cordoba and Merida). Furthermore, even ancient authors already regarded the Roman Empire's …
Date: 2016-11-24

Brunelleschi, Filippo

(2,469 words)

Author(s): Gáldy, Andrea M. (München)
A. LifeThe Florentine goldsmith, sculptor, engineer and architect Filippo B. was born in 1377 at Florence, where he also died on April 15, 1446. His father worked as a notary in the service of the Florentine Republic. A story of his life [3] ( c. 1470–1485) attributed to Antonio di Tuccio Manetti provides some details and formed the basis for the biography of B. in Giorgio Vasari's collection  Le vite de' più eccellenti architettori, pittori et scultori italiani (Florence 1550, expanded 1568).Almost without exception, B. worked only in Florence, initially as a goldsmith…
Date: 2016-11-24

Bruni, Leonardo

(1,534 words)

Author(s): Bezner, Frank (Berkeley)
A. Life and workThe Italian Humanist and politician Leonardus Aretinus (Leonardo B.) was born around 1370 at Arezzo and died on March 9, 1444 at Florence. He lived in Florence from the 1390s, becoming part of the Humanist network centred on the Florentine chancellor Coluccio Salutati, whose interest in both Humanism and politics was one crucial influence on B.'s intellectual agenda, the other being B.'s study of Greek with Manuel Chrysoloras (from around 1397). In 1405, B. became apostolic secretar…
Date: 2016-11-24

Budé, Guillaume

(1,555 words)

Author(s): Deflers, Isabelle (Freiburg)
A. LifeGuillaume B., or Guglielmus Budaeus was a versatile French Humanist, philologist, legal scholar and diplomat. He was born on January 26, 1468 in Paris, where he also died on August 20, 1540. As the son of a high royal official, he grew up in an erudite and wealthy milieu where the lifestyle of the nobility of the sword was the ideal, and up to the age of 25, he devoted himself to pastimes accordingly: falconry, hunting and riding [23]. In the early 1490s, after initial – and less than enthusiastic – studies of law at Orléans, B. discovered his passion for Latin and Greek literature [18]; [26…
Date: 2016-11-24