Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 8 : The Reception of Antiquity in Renaissance Humanism

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by : Manfred Landfester

For the thinkers, artists and scholars of the Renaissance, antiquity was a major source of inspiration; it provided renewed modes of scholarship, led to corrections of received doctrine and proved a wellspring of new achievements in almost every area of human life. The 130 articles in this volume cover not only well known figures of the Renaissance such as Copernicus, Dürer, and Erasmus but also overall themes such as architecture, agriculture, economics, philosophy and philology as well as many others.

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Bacon, Francis

(1,589 words)

Author(s): Kullmann, Thomas (Osnabrück)
A. LifeThe English philosopher and statesman Francis B. was born on January 22, 1561, in London, and died on April 9, 1626 at Highgate near London. His father was the Lord Keeper of the Great Seal, Sir Nicholas Bacon. B. studied at Trinity College, Cambridge, from 1573 to 1575, before travelling to France in 1576–1579 as a member of an embassy. From 1579 to 1582 he studied law at Gray's Inn in London, and was admitted as an utter barrister in 1582. He was a member of the House of Commons from 158…
Date: 2016-11-24


(1,742 words)

Author(s): Maissen, Thomas (Paris)
A. Constitution, council, university foundationIn the Late Middle Ages, B., with its 10,000 or so inhabitants, increasingly emancipated itself from its ruler, the prince-bishop, from whom it purchased the most important rights and privileges. Following the Swabian (or Swiss) War of 1499, B. in 1501 was admitted to the Swiss Confederation as its eleventh canton. Formally speaking, this had no bearing on the city's membership in the Holy Roman Empire as a 'Free City' (German  Freie Stadt, Latin  urbs libera); that freedom became final with the Reformation and the departure o…
Date: 2016-11-24

Bebel, Heinrich

(1,228 words)

Author(s): Ammann, Andreas (Bern)
A. LifeHeinrich B., (Latinized as Henricus Bebelius) was a German Humanist, neo-Latin poet, author of Latin Facetiae, didactic writings on language reform and others on history and politics. Born in mid-1473 into a family of landowning farmers on the Bewinden estate in the barony of Justingen (Schwäbische Alb), he died on March 31, 1518 at Tübingen. After attending the Lateinschule at Schelklingen, B. at the age of 16 embarked on a phase of academic migration, reaching the University of Krakow in 1492. He compl…
Date: 2016-11-24