Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 6 : History of classical Scholarship - A Biographical Dictionary

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by: Peter Kuhlmann (Göttingen) and Helmuth Schneider (Kassel)

This compendium gives a comprehensive overview of the history of classical studies. Alphabetically arranged, it provides biographies of over 700 scholars from the fourteenth century onwards who have made their mark on the study of Antiquity. These include the lives, careers and works of classical philologists, archaeologists, ancient historians, students of epigraphy, numismatics, papyrology, Egyptology and the Ancient Near East, philosophers, anthropologists, social scientists, art historians, collectors and writers. The biographies put the scholars in their social, political and cultural contexts while focusing on their scholarly achievements and their contributions to modern classical scholarship.

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Wheeler, Mortimer

(843 words)

Author(s): Heitz, Christian
British archaeologist. Born Robert Eric Mortimer W., Glasgow, 10. 9. 1890, died Leatherhead (Surrey) 22. 7. 1976. 1899–1904 school in Bradford, from 1907 studied classics at Univ. College, London (UCL). 1910 BA, 1912 MA 1913–1920 employed at the Royal Commission on Historical Monuments (interruption for military service in World War I). Doctorate in archaeology at London 1920. From 1920 Keeper and from 1924 Director of the National Museum of Wales and lecturer in ¶ archaeology at Cardiff. From 1926 Keeper of the London Museum. 1937 founder of the Institute of Archaeol…

Wickert, Lothar

(472 words)

Author(s): Kloft, Hans
German ancient historian. Born Lissa (province of Posen, now Poland) 31. 7. 1900, died Cologne 8. 2. 1989. Studied classics at Univ. of Breslau; ¶ 1921 doctorate there [1]. From 1923, studies at the Univ. of Berlin; 1924 academic assistant at the Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften. 1930 habil., 1934 prof. ext. in ancient history at Univ. of Königsberg; 1939–1967 prof. of ancient history at Univ. of Cologne. Career, works and influence 1920s Berlin became W.’s intellectual homeland. This was partly through the influence of prestigious scholars including Ulrich …

Wickhoff, Franz

(469 words)

Author(s): Freigang, Christian
Austrian classical archaeologist and art historian. Born Steyr 7. 5. 1853, died Venice 6. 4. 1909. Studied at Vienna with Theodor von Sickel (history), Alexander Conze (archaeology) and Rudolf Eitelberger and Moritz Thausing (art history). 1880 diss. on Dürer’s studies of antiquity. 1879–1885 curator of the textile collection at the Österreichisches Museum für Kunst und Industrie; from 1885 prof. ext., 1891–1909 prof. ord. (successor to Thausing) at the Univ. of Vienna. Work and influence With W., critico-historical art history arrived in Vienna. In terms of the histo…

Wieacker, Franz

(483 words)

Author(s): Baltrusch, Ernst
German jurist and legal historian. Born Stargard (Pomerania, now Poland) 5. 8. 1908, died Göttingen 17. 2. 1994. Studied law 1926 in Tübingen, 1927 in Munich, 1928 in Göttingen; 1929 Referendarexamen in Celle; 1930 doctorate in Freiburg with Fritz Pringsheim; 1933 habil. there. After teaching and locum posts 1939 prof. ord. in Leipzig. After interruption by war, from 1948 prof. of Roman law, civil law and the history of modern civil law at Freiburg; 1953–1973 prof. at Göttingen. Work and influence Influenced by his Freiburg teacher Pringsheim, W.’s theses [1]; [2] are still …

Wiegand, Theodor

(1,072 words)

Author(s): Cobet, Justus
German classical archaeologist. Born Bendorf am Rhein 30. 10. 1864, died Berlin 19. 12. 1936. 1886/87 studied art history and archaeology at Munich; 1889/90 studied classics at Berlin, 1891–1893 at Freiburg; doctorate there 1893. 1896–1899 director of excavations at Priene, 1899–1911 at Miletus, 1905–1911 at Didyma, 1910/11 on Samos, 1927–1932 at Pergamum; 1899–1911 director of the Berliner Museen in Turkey. 1911–1931 director of the Antikensammlung at the Berliner Museen; 1932–1936 president of the DAI. Biography and scholarly career W., the son of a doctor and an indust…

Wieland, Christoph Martin

(1,139 words)

Author(s): Cölln, Jan
German poet and translator. Born Oberholzheim (Biberach) 5. 9. 1733, died Weimar 20. 1. 1813. 1750 studied law in Tübingen (abandoned); 1752–1760 guest in the home of Johann Jakob Bodmer, tutor in Zürich and Bern; 1760–1769 chancery director at Biberach; 1769–1772 prof. ext. in philosophy at Erfurt. From 1772, tutor to the future Duke Carl August at the court of Anna Amalia in Weimar (lifelong court pension from 1775); editor of the Teutscher Merkur (1773–1810, from 1790 Neuer Teutscher Merkur) and freelance writer. Werk With the rather older Lessing, W. was one of the most inf…

Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, Ulrich von

(2,045 words)

Author(s): Calder, William M. III
German classical philologist. Born Markowitz (province of Posen, now Poland) 22. 12. 1848; died Berlin 25. 9. 1931. From 1862 attended Gymnasium of Schulpforta; from 1876 studied classics at Bonn, from 1869 at Berlin; doctorate Berlin 1870. Travels, then one-year military service, then 1874–1876 priv.-doz. in Berlin; 1875 habil. there. From 1876 prof. ord. in antiquities at Greifswald; from 1883 chair of classical philology at Univ. of Göttingen; 1897–1921 prof. of Greek at Univ. of Berlin; 1891/92 prorector and 1915/16 rector at Berlin. From 1902 head of the Preussische Akademie d…

Wilcken, Ulrich

(1,022 words)

Author(s): Palme, Bernhard
German papyrologist. Born Stettin (now Szczecin, Poland) 18. 12. 1862, died Baden-Baden 10. 12. 1944. Studied Oriental languages and ancient history from 1880 at Leipzig with Eduard Meyer, from spring 1882 ancient history at Tübingen with Alfred von Gutschmid, from autumn 1882 at Berlin with Theodor Mommsen. 1885 doctorate at Berlin, then working in the Egyptian Department of the Königliches Museum in Berlin. 1888 habil. Berlin. 1889 prof. ext., from 1891 prof. ord. in ancient history at Breslau (succeeding Meyer), from 1900 prof. ord. at Würzburg, from …

Wilpert, Joseph

(530 words)

Author(s): Sörries, Reinhard
German Christian archaeologist. Born Eiglau (Silesia, now Dziełów, Poland) 22. 8. 1857, died Rome 10. 3. 1944. After one year studying philosophy at Innsbruck (1878) and military service, he studied theology at Innsbruck from 1880. Holy orders 1883. Lived at Rome from 1884 for the rest of his life. 1903 Papal pronotary and member of the Papal Catacomb Commission (PCAS). 1926–1936 honorary prof. of Christian iconography at the Papal Institute for Christian Archaeology (PIAC). 1892 honorary doctorate from the Univ. of Münster. Work and influence Between 1890 and 1930 or so, W. was…

Winckelmann, Johann Joachim

(2,362 words)

Author(s): Kunze, Max
German archaeological and art critic. Born Stendal 9. 12. 1717, died Trieste 8. 6. 1768. 1738–1740 studied theology at Halle, then mathematics and medicine at Jena 1741/42. 1743 deputy rector of the Lateinschule in Seehausen. 1748–1754 librarian at Nöthnitz (near Dresden); 1754 studied drawing in Dresden. 1755–1768 in Rome: 1757/58 librarian to Cardinal Secretary of State Alberico Archinto, 1758 librarian and curator of antiquities to Cardinal Alessandro Albani; 1763 prefect of antiquities in and around Rome. 1764 Greek scriptor at the Vatican Library. Biography and career W. was…

Winter, Franz

(440 words)

Author(s): Szemethy, Hubert
German classical archaeologist. Born Braunschweig 4. 2. 1861, died Bonn 11. 2. 1930. Studied classics at Zurich, Munich and Bonn; doctorate Bonn 1885. 1886–1888 DAI travel ¶ bursary. 1890–1899 assistant to the director of the Skulpturensammlung Berlin. 1894 habil. at the Univ. of Berlin. 1897 prof. ext. at Berlin; from 1899 prof. ord. in classical archaeology at Innsbruck. From 1905 prof. ord. at Graz; 1907 prof. ord. at Strasbourg; 1913–1927 prof. ord. at Bonn. Work and influence W. read classical studies at Zurich and Munich, but then moved to Bonn, where he took his d…

Wissowa, Georg

(439 words)

Author(s): Söltenfuss, Anika
German classical philologist and religious scholar. Born Neudorf (Breslau, now Poland), 17. 6. 1859, died Halle/Saale 11. 5. 1931. Studied classical philology from 1876 at Breslau; 1880 doctorate there. 1881 studied archaeology at Munich. 1882 habil. (history of religion) at Breslau. 1883–1886 priv.-doz. there. 1886–1890 prof. ext., 1890–1895 prof. ord. at Marburg; 1895–1924 prof. ord. in Latin studies at Halle; 1908/09 rector of the univ. Career, works and influence W. studied classical philology with August Reifferscheid and archaeology with Heinrich von Brunn.…