Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 6 : History of classical Scholarship - A Biographical Dictionary

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by: Peter Kuhlmann (Göttingen) and Helmuth Schneider (Kassel)

This compendium gives a comprehensive overview of the history of classical studies. Alphabetically arranged, it provides biographies of over 700 scholars from the fourteenth century onwards who have made their mark on the study of Antiquity. These include the lives, careers and works of classical philologists, archaeologists, ancient historians, students of epigraphy, numismatics, papyrology, Egyptology and the Ancient Near East, philosophers, anthropologists, social scientists, art historians, collectors and writers. The biographies put the scholars in their social, political and cultural contexts while focusing on their scholarly achievements and their contributions to modern classical scholarship.

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Argyropoulos, John

(435 words)

Author(s): Hintzen, Beate
Greek philosopher and philologist. Born 1393/94 or c. 1415 in Constantinople, died 26. 6. 1487 in Rome. 1438–1439 participant in the Council of Ferrara-Florence; 1441–1444 studied philosophy and took doctorate at Padua, also teaching Greek; 1448–1453 director of the Katholikón Museíon in Constantinople. After the fall of Constantinople, undertook various diplomatic missions, e.g. on behalf of the despótēs of Mistra, Thomas Palaeologus, to England. Taught Greek philosophy at the studio in Florence 1456–1471 and 1477–1481, in Rome 1471–1477 and 1481–1487. Work and influence An A…

Arndt, Paul Julius

(402 words)

Author(s): Kreikenbom, Detlev
German classical archaeologist. Born 14. 10. 1865 in Dresden, died 17. 7. 1937 in Munich. Attended school in Dresden; studied at Leipzig and Munich. 1887 doctorate at Munich; also assistant there. From 1894 outside lecturer, collector and art dealer. Work and influence A.’s dissertation on vases [1] dealt with ceramics production in various Greek artistic environments. Influenced by his teachers Johannes Overbeck and especially Heinrich von Brunn, however, A.’s primary archaeological interest was in ancient sculpture and cameo art. His …

Arnim, Hans von

(414 words)

Author(s): Berner, Hans-Ulrich
German classical philologist. Born 14. 9. 1859 in Gross Fredenwalde, died 26. 5. 1931 in Vienna. Attended school in Berlin ( Wilhelms-Gymnasium), Abitur there 1877; studied at Heidelberg, Berlin, Greifswald; 1882 doctorate there with Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorf; 1888 habil. at Halle. 1892 prof. ext. at Rostock; 1893 prof. ord. there. 1900 and 1921 prof. ord. in Greek at Vienna; 1914 prof. ord. in Frankfurt a. M.; 1921–1930 prof. at Vienna. Work and influence A. initially studied jurisprudence, then classical philology, taught by Curt Wachsmuth, Adolf Kirchhoff …

Ashby, Thomas

(602 words)

Author(s): Dyson, Stephen L.
British archaeologist and topographer. Born 14. 10. 1874 at Staines (Middlesex), died 15. 5. 1931 in New Malden (Surrey). After attending public school (Winchester College) 1893–1897, studied at Christ Church College, Oxford. From 1903 Assistant Director, 1906–1925 Director of the British School at Rome (BSR); appointed Senior Research Fellow at Christ Church College, Oxford for 1931. Background, work and influence In 1890, A.’s father, a former brewery owner and amateur archaeologist, moved to Rome. He and Rodolfo Lanciani introduced A. to topographical…

Ashmole, Bernard

(461 words)

Author(s): Graepler, Daniel
British classical archaeologist. Born 22. 6. 1894 in Ilford, Essex, died 25. 2. 1988 in Peebles (Scotland). School in London (Forest School), 1913/14 and 1919–1923 studied at Oxford, interrupted by war service. 1923–1925 worked at the Coin Cabinet of the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford; 1925–1928 Director of the British School at Rome. 1929–1948 Yates Prof. of classical archaeology at Univ. College London, also 1938–1956 Keeper of the Graeco-Roman Dept. of the British Museum; 1939–1945 war service. 195…

Aulock, Hans von

(403 words)

Author(s): Krmnicek, Stefan
German banker and numismatist. Born 27. 11. 1906 in Ohlau (Silesia, now Oława, Poland), died 23. 11. 1980 at Ankara (automobile accident). 1926–1928 trained as export merchant; traineeship at London bank; in South Africa 1930–1933. Worked at Dresdner Bank from 1934, initially at Berlin, then Istanbul from 1941. 1970 honorary doctorate from Univ. of Frankfurt am Main. Background, work and influence The primary career of this son of a Silesian noble family was as a banker. As assistant director of the Istanbul branch of the Dresdner Bank, he lived in Turkey…

Aurispa, Giovanni

(424 words)

Author(s): Hintzen, Beate
Italian Humanist and diplomat. Born 1376 at Nei (Noto), Sicily, died 1459 in Ferrara. Initial education at Naples; journeyed to the east in the service of merchants; 1404–1410 studied law at Bologna. Travelled widely, especially to Italian cities and to the east, e.g. 1419/20 in the retinue of Pope Martin V to Florence and Rome, 1421 on behalf of Gian Francesco Gonzaga to the Byzantine Emperor Manuel Palaeologus in Constantinople, where he was secretary to John Palaeologus 1422–1423. 1425 prof. of Greek at the Studio in Florence; 1427/28 tutor to the son of Marchese Niccolò III…