Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 6 : History of classical Scholarship - A Biographical Dictionary

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by: Peter Kuhlmann (Göttingen) and Helmuth Schneider (Kassel)

This compendium gives a comprehensive overview of the history of classical studies. Alphabetically arranged, it provides biographies of over 700 scholars from the fourteenth century onwards who have made their mark on the study of Antiquity. These include the lives, careers and works of classical philologists, archaeologists, ancient historians, students of epigraphy, numismatics, papyrology, Egyptology and the Ancient Near East, philosophers, anthropologists, social scientists, art historians, collectors and writers. The biographies put the scholars in their social, political and cultural contexts while focusing on their scholarly achievements and their contributions to modern classical scholarship.

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Akurgal, Ekrem

(466 words)

Author(s): Işik, Fahri
Turkish classical archaeologist. Born 30. 3. 1911 inTulkarem bei Haifa, died 1. 11. 2002 in Ýzmir. Diploma at Istanbul 1931; 1932–1940 studied classical archaeology at Berlin, doctorate there 1940 [1]. Assistant prof. at Ankara 1941; postdoctoral habil. 1946; prof. ord. in classical archaeology Ankara 1949. Lived at İzmir following retirement in 1981. Work and influence A., who coined his family name after the Sumerian King A-KUR-GAL (“The Great Waterland”) when surnames were introduced in Turkey in 1935, came from a family of landowners living in Ottoman Pal…

Alberti, Leon Battista

(852 words)

Author(s): Wolkenhauer, Anja
Italian Humanist, theoretician of architecture and mathematician. Born 14. 2. 1404 in Genoa, probably died 20. 4. 1472 in Rome. Studied at Bologna and Padua. 1432–1464 Abbreviator Apostolicus in Rome. Background and work Born – illegitimate and in Genoese exile – into a Florentine merchant family, A. spent his childhood in Genoa and Venice. He attended the school of Gasparino Barzizza at Padua 1415–1418; among his fellow pupils were Francesco Filelfo and Antonio Beccadelli (Panormita). His first Latin comedy, Philodoxeos fabula, which was long believed to be an ancient work…

Alciatus, Andreas

(440 words)

Author(s): Gall, Dorothee
Alciato, Andrea; Italian jurist and Humanist. Born 8. 5. 1492 in Alzate Brianza near Como, died 12. 1. 1550 in Pavia. Studied jurisprudence and classical languages in Milan, Pavia and Bologna. 1514 Doctor iuris utriusque at Ferrara. 1514–1517 active as jurist in Milan, 1519–1521 Prof. of civil law at Avignon. 1522–1550 professorships at Milan, Avignon, Bourges, Pavia, Bologna and Ferrara. Named apostolic protonotary by Pope Paul III and Comes Palatinus by Emperor Charles V, both 1546. Work and influence A.’s father, a merchant, worked as a Milanese ambassador in Venice. Hi…

Aldrovandi, Ulisse

(781 words)

Author(s): Müller, Marita
Aldrovandus, Ulysses; Italian naturalist, antiquarian and physician. Born 11. 9. 1522 [5. 1], died 4.5.1605 in Bologna. From 1539 studied classical philology, logic and law at Bologna, doctorate of law there 1546. 1547–1549 studied mathematics, philosophy and medicine at Padua, doctor of medicine and philosophy there 1553. From 1554 prof. of logic and natural philosophy, from 1561 of natural sciences, both at Univ. of Bologna. Scholarly background His father, Teseo A., was a jurist and Senate Secretary of Bologna; his mother Veronica Marescalchi was a relative …

Aleander, Hieronymus

(487 words)

Author(s): Gall, Dorothee
Aleandro, Girolamo/Jerôme; Italian Humanist, philologist and cardinal. Born 13. 2. 1480 in Motta di Livenza (Treviso), died 1. 2. 1542 in Rome. Studied medicine, philology and theology at Padua. Worked as a diplomat in the service of the Papacy from 1501; assumed professorship in Greek, Latin, Hebrew and Chaldaean at the Sorbonne in Paris in 1508, becoming rector there in 1513. In Paris again from 1516 and Liège in ecclesiastical service. Director of the Biblioteca Vaticana in Rome from 1517; took part in the Diet of Worms in 1521; Archbishop of Brindisi 1524; Cardinal 1538. Work and infl…

Alföldi, Andreas

(1,297 words)

Author(s): Kolb, Frank
Hungarian classical historian and archaeologist. Born27. 8. 1895 in Pomáz near Budapest, died 12. 2. 1981 in Princeton (USA). 1912–1914, 1917–1919 studied classics at Budapest; doctorate there 1919. 1919–1922 worked at Hungarian National Museum in Budapest; 1923–1930 prof. of ancient history at Univ. of Debrecen; 1930–1947 prof. of ancient history and Hungarian archaeology at Univ. of Budapest. 1948–1952 prof. of ancient history at Univ. of Bern; 1952–1956 prof. of ancient history at Univ. of Basel; 1956–1981 prof. at Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. Biography and sch…

Alföldy, Géza

(1,625 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner
Hungarian-German ancient historian and epigrapher. Born 7. 6. 1935 in Budapest, died 6. 11. 2011 in Athens. Attended school at Budapest, studied at Univ. of Budapest 1953–1958, doctorate 1959; 1960–1965 assistant there at the Institute of Ancient History. Emigrated 1965; worked at Landesmuseum Bonn to 1968; habil. 1966 and lecturer until 1968 at Univ. of Bonn. Prof. of ancient history from 1970 at Univ. of Bochum, from 1975 at Univ. of Heidelberg; emeritus 2002. Scholarly background A., son of Jenő A., director of the otorhinolaryngology clinic at the Univ. of Pécs, stu…

Alp, Sedat

(483 words)

Author(s): Klinger, Jörg
Turkish Hittitologist. Born 1. 1. 1913 in Ottoman Karaferiye near Thessaloniki, died 9. 10. 2006 in Ankara. Turkish state scholarship from 1932; 1932/33 Gymnasium Schulpforta; 1940 doctorate at Leipzig. Univ. of Ankara: lecturer from 1940, prof. ord. of Hittitology from 1959, finally Dean. 1997 honorary doctorate Univ. of Würzburg; 1998 Member of the British Academy. Work and influence Shortly after A.’s birth, his family moved from what was then Karaferiye (Beroea, today Veroia) into the new Turkish Republic. At 19, a state scholarship enabled him to attend firstly the Gymnasium at…

Altheim, Franz

(582 words)

Author(s): Baltrusch, Ernst
German classical philologist and ancient historian. Born 6. 10. 1898 in Frankfurt a. M., died 17. 10. 1976 in Münster. 1916 and 1919–1921 studied classical philology, philosophy, archaeology & Indo-Germanic studies at Frankfurt; doctorate there 1921, habil. there 1928. Prof. at Frankfurt 1935; 1938 prof. ext., 1942 prof. ord. of classical philology at Halle a. d. Saale; 1948 prof. of ancient history at Halle, 1949–1964 prof. of ancient history at Freie Univ. Berlin. Member of the George Circle and the SA ( Sturmabteilung) 1934–1936. Work and influence A. was one of the most produc…

Amelung, Walther

(465 words)

Author(s): Diebner, Sylvia
German classical archaeologist. Born 15. 10. 1865 in Stettin (now Szczecin), died 12. 9. 1927 in Bad Nauheim. Attended school in Stettin; 1884–1888 studied classics at Tübingen, Leipzig and Munich; 1888 doctorate at Munich; worked for two years as an actor in Munich and Berlin. 1891–1893 extensive travels in Mediterranean region; from 1895 private scholar in Rome. 1916–1921 in Berlin because of war; 1921–1927 first director of the DAI in Rome. Background, work and influence A., who came from a wealthy, artistic family, was awarded his doctorate in 1888 by Heinrich von …

Andrae, Walter

(941 words)

Author(s): Matthes, Olaf
German architectural historian and archaeologist of the ancient Near East. Born Ernst Walter A. on 18. 2. 1875 in Anger near Leipzig, died 28. 7. 1956 in Berlin. 1894–1898 studied architecture at Technische Hochschule Dresden; 1898–1903 excavation assistant at Baalbek and Babylon; 1903–1914 excavation director at Aššur. 1908 doctorate at Dresden; 1921 curator at Staatliche Museen zu Berlin. 1922 habil. at Berlin; 1923 lecturer at Technische Hochschule Berlin; 1928–1950 Director of the Near Eastern Department, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin. 1931 prof. ext. at Technische Hochschul…

Andronikos, Manolis

(404 words)

Author(s): Moustaka, Aliki
Greek archaeologist. Born 23. 10. 1919 in Bursa, died 30. 3. 1992 in Thessaloniki. Studied at Thessaloniki. 1949–1961 archaeologist for the Greek Antiquities Service; doctorate 1952, habil. ¶ 1957, at Thessaloniki. 1964–1984 prof. at the Aristotle Univ. of Thessaloniki; 1964/65 chairman of the Central Archaeological Council and the Greek UNESCO Commission. Vice-president of the Greek Research Society; member of many European academies and scholarly societies. Honorary doctorates from Univs. of Athens, Oxford and Bristol. H…

Anti, Carlo

(502 words)

Author(s): Marbanera, Marcello
Italian archaeologist. Born 28. 4. 1889 in Villafranca Veronese, died 9. 6. 1961 in Padua. Completed studies (Laurea) 1911 at Bologna with Gherardo Gherardini, then continued studies with Emanuel Löwy and Adolfo Venturi in Rome. Spent time in Greece in 1914, making contact with Luigi Pernier, Wilhelm Biagio Pace, Dörpfeld, Panagiotis Kavvadias et al. 1922 prof. of Greek and Roman archaeology at Univ. of Padua. Also rector there 1932–1943, performing his duties as a stalwart Fascist intellectual (including expansion of the Rettorato with the participation of important artists…