Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 6 : History of classical Scholarship - A Biographical Dictionary

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Subject: Classical Studies

Edited by: Peter Kuhlmann (Göttingen) and Helmuth Schneider (Kassel)

This compendium gives a comprehensive overview of the history of classical studies. Alphabetically arranged, it provides biographies of over 700 scholars from the fourteenth century onwards who have made their mark on the study of Antiquity. These include the lives, careers and works of classical philologists, archaeologists, ancient historians, students of epigraphy, numismatics, papyrology, Egyptology and the Ancient Near East, philosophers, anthropologists, social scientists, art historians, collectors and writers. The biographies put the scholars in their social, political and cultural contexts while focusing on their scholarly achievements and their contributions to modern classical scholarship.

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Paciaudi, Paolo Maria

(889 words)

Author(s): Hermanns, Marcus Heinrich
Italian theologian, archaeologist and antiquarian. Born Turin 23. 11. 1710, died Parma 2. 2. 1785. Attended Jesuit school and Univ. of Turin. 1728 entered the Theatine Order; studied at Bologna and Genoa. 1753 procurator-general of the Order. From 1761, librarian and antiquarian in Parma. Biography and professional career P., the son of a court physician, spent a year as a novice of the Theatine Order in Venice and became a full member in 1729. He studied philosophy, physics and mathematics at Bologna, and theology at Rome. For a time, he als…

Page, Denys Lionel

(887 words)

Author(s): Ludwig, Kerstin
British classical philologist. Born Reading 11. 5. 1908, died Tarset (Northumberland) 6. 7. 1978. Attended Newbury Grammar School; 1926–1930 studied at Christ Church College, Oxford, achieving an outstanding degree. 1930/31 scholarship study year at Vienna. From 1931, lecturer at Christ Church College, from 1937 junior censor. 1950–1974 Regius Prof. of Greek at Cambridge and prof. at Trinity College. 1959–1973 Master of Jesus College, Cambridge. 1971–1974 president of the British Academy. Knighted 1971. Biography and scholarly career P., the son of a construction engine…

Pallottino, Massimo

(1,281 words)

Author(s): Colonna, Giovanni
Italian classical archaeologist and Etruscologist. Born Rome 9. 11. 1909, died there 7. 2. 1995. 1931 Graduated ( laurea) with a thesis on ancient Tarquinia, at Univ. Sapienza in Rome. 1933–1940 worked for antiquities service in Rome. From 1938 director of the Museo Nazionale Etrusco di Villa Giulia; 1937–1940 prof. of Etruscology at Rome. 1939/40 excavations at Veii and Cerveteri. 1941–1945 prof. ord. in archaeology and Graeco-Roman art history at Cagliari. 1941/42 excavations on Sardinia. 1945–1980 prof. ord. in Etruscology and Italic antiquities at Rome. 1947 co-founder of Fasti…

Panofka, Theodor

(445 words)

Author(s): Blanck, Horst
German archaeologist. Born Theodor Sigismund P., Breslau, 25. 2. 1800, died Berlin 20. 6. 1858. Attended Breslau Friedrichsgymnasium; studied classical philology at Univ. of Berlin from 1819, doctorate there in 1822 with the diss. De rebus Samiorum. 1823 in Rome, 1824–1830 in Naples, 1830–1834 in Paris. 1827 habil. at Berlin. 1836 assistant at the Berliner Museum; from 1844 prof. ext. at Univ. of Berlin; 1856 conservator at Königliches Museum, Berlin. Work and influence P. joined the Hyperboreisch-Römische Gesellschaft at Rome in 1823, and in 1829 became a founder member of the Instit…

Panvinio, Onofrio

(941 words)

Author(s): Heenes, Volker
Italian theologian, antiquarian and ecclesiastical historian. Born Verona 23. 2. 1530, died Palermo in April 1568. 1541 entered the Augustinian Order, receiving a Humanist education there. Continued studies at Rome from 1549. From 1552 until his death, librarian and historian to Cardinal Alessandro Farnese. Career P. was born into a family of impoverished minor nobility. At Rome, he was part of the circle of Cardinal Marcello Cervini (from 1555 Pope Marcellus II), who protected him and encouraged him to study historia sacra (ecclesiastical history), which duly became his sec…

Pareus, Johann Philipp

(440 words)

Author(s): Häfner, Ralph
Real name Wengler/Wängler; German theologian, philologist and grammarian. Born Hemsbach an der Bergstrasse (diocese of Worms) 24. 5. 1576, died 1648 in Hanau. Studied at the Casimirianum, the univ. at Neustadt an der Haardt (Weinstrasse) that only existed for a few years, then at Heidelberg and Basel; 1599 headmaster in Kreuznach, then in Neuhaus; 1610–1622 rector of the Collegium in Neustadt. From 1622 rector and prof. of theology, Hebrew and philosophy at Gymnasium illustre in Hanau. 1647 theology doctorate at Basel. Career, works and influence P., son of the Calvinist theolog…

Parrot, André

(809 words)

Author(s): André-Salvini, Béatrice
French ancient Near Eastern scholar and archaeologist. Born Désandans ( département Doubs) 15. 2. 1901, died Paris 24. 8. 1980. 1924 studied with René Dussaud at École du Louvre; 1926/27 member of the École biblique et archéologique in Jerusalem; 1938 thèse at the Faculté de Théologie Protestante in Paris. 1937–1949 prof. of Hebrew language and literature, 1950–1955 prof. of history of religion there. 1937–1968 prof. at École du Louvre. Head of excavations at Baalbek (Lebanon) 1927–1928, Tello (Iraq) 1931–1933, Larsa (Iraq) 1933 and 1967 and Mari (Syria) 1933–19…

Parry, Milman

(771 words)

Author(s): Visser, Edzard
American classical philologist and comparatist. Born Oakland, California, 20. 6. 1902, died Los Angeles 3. 12. 1935. 1919–1923 studied classics at Univ. of California at Berkeley, from 1924 at the Sorbonne in Paris, where he took his doctorate in 1928 ( Docteur ès lettres). Also assistant prof. at Drake Univ., Des Moines, Iowa. From 1929 instructor, from 1932 assistant prof. at Harvard; 1933–1935 field studies on improvised oral heroic poetry in what was then Yugoslavia. Career and works P.’s final paper at Berkeley already examined striking word positions in Greek epic […

Pasquali, Giorgio

(1,254 words)

Author(s): Fornaro, Sotera
Italian classical philologist. Born Rome 29. 4. 1885, died Belluno 9. 10. 1952. 1907 graduation ( laurea) from Univ. of Rom; 1908–1909 studied at Berlin and Göttingen. 1910 lecturer in Greek literature at Rome. 1911/12 prof. ext. at Messina; 1912–1915 prof. ext. at Göttingen, doctorate there 1913. 1915–1920 prof. ext. at Florence; 1924 prof. ord. in Greek there. From 1930, teacher at the Scuola Normale Superiore in Pisa. Career, works and influence The outbreak of World War I marked a turning-point in P.’s life and career. He had taken his doctorate at Göttingen in 1913 ( Quaestiones Calli…

Passeri, Giovanni Battista

(668 words)

Author(s): Bentz, Martin
Italian archaeologist, Papal official and antiquarian scholar. Born Farnese 1694, died Pesaro 1780. Studied jurisprudence in Rome and Perugia; career in Vatican civil service. Took holy orders after his wife’s death in 1741; from 1760 vicar-general of Pesaro. Biography and career After attending school in Orvieto and Rome and studying jurisprudence with Giulio Vitelleschi and Gian Vincenzo Gravina at the Univ. La Sapienza at Rome and in Perugia, P. embarked on a career in various positions within the Vatican civil service. After his wi…

Passow, Franz

(448 words)

Author(s): Kipf, Stefan
German classical philologist. Born Ludwigslust 20. 9. 1786, died Breslau 11. 3. 1883. 1802–1804 ¶ Gymnasium Ernestinum in Gotha; from 1804 studied theology and classical philology at Leipzig. From 1807, prof. of Greek at Weimar Gymnasium; from 1810 co-director of Conradinum at Jenkau, near Danzig. 1814/15 studied at Berlin. 1815 prof. ord. of classics at Breslau. Work and influence After studying with Gottfried Hermann in Leipzig and Friedrich August Wolf in Berlin, P. produced a broad scholarly oeuvre that included editions (e.g. Johannes Secundus, Longus, Musaeus, the Germania o…

Pauly, August Friedrich

(509 words)

Author(s): Kaiser, Ronny | Kipf, Stefan
German pedagogue and lexicographer. Born 9. 5. 1796 in Benningen am Neckar (as Gottlieb Wilhelm August Friedrich P.), died Stutt-gart 2. 5. 1845. Schooled at Klosterschule Maulbronn; 1813–1818 attended higher seminar at Tübingen. From 1818 Repetent (seminar lecturer) at Urach and from 1820 at Tübingen Seminary. 1822 rector at Biberach; from 1828 prof. at Heilbronn Gymnasium, 1830–1845 prof. of Greek and Latin literature at Stuttgart Gymnasium. From 1829, he worked on the Württembergische Jahrbücher des Königlichen Statistisch-Topographischen Bureaus, and from 1840 was a …

Payne, Humfry

(750 words)

Author(s): Graepler, Daniel
British archaeologist. Born Humfry Gilbert Garth P. at Wendover (Bucks), 19. 2. 1902, died Athens 9. 5. 1936. School in London (Westminster School); studied at Oxford; 1924–1926 research scholarship for Mediterranean archaeology, 1926–1931 senior scholar at Christ Church College, Oxford. Also 1926–1928 assistant at the coin collection of the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford; 1929–1936 director of the British School at Athens. Work and influence P., the son of a historian, attracted attention while still a student at Christ Church College, Oxford, with his outstand…

Payne Knight, Richard

(458 words)

Author(s): Berns, Christof
British dilettante and politician. Born 11. 2. 1751 at Wormesley Grange (Herefordshire), died London 23. 4. 1824. 1772–1778 (?) tours of Europe; 1780–1806 Member of Parliament; from 1781 member of the Society of Dilettanti, 1805 co-founder of British Institution for Promoting the Fine Arts, from 1814 Trustee of the British Museum in London. Work and influence P. K. led a financially independent life as a member of the landed gentry. Although he had only had a tutor for a few years and had never been to univ., he was well-read and contributed to the l…

Pellerin, Joseph

(550 words)

Author(s): Aghion, Irène
French numismatist and philologist. Born Marly-le-Roi 27. 4. 1684, died Paris 30. 8. 1782. After studying at the Collège royal de Navarre (part of the Sorbonne at Paris), worked for the French Navy from 1706 as an interpreter and translator. From 1711, secretary and administrative director ( Commis des bureaux de la maison du roi) of the Navy Minister and Royal Secretary of State Jérôme de Pontchartrain. Promoted to Commis à la Police des ports. 1745 retired to private life. Continued studies of Greek numismatics. 1752 participated in the foundation of the Académie de Marine. Work and inf…

Perrault, Charles

(1,462 words)

Author(s): Schnapp, Alain
French author, antiquarian and high official. Born Paris 12. 1. 1628, died there 16. 5. 1703. Younger brother of Claude Perrault. Higher education at Collège de Beauvais, Paris (interrupted). Licentiate of law at Orléans; 1651 registered at the Paris Chamber of Advocates. From 1653 in the service of his brother Pierre, Receiver-General of Finances for Paris. 1663 secretary of the Petite Académie, crown advisory committee on the acquisition of works of art and literature. 1664–1683 assistant to Jean-Baptiste Colbert, Controller-General of Finances and soon…

Perrault, Claude

(899 words)

Author(s): Sawilla, Jan Marco
French scientist and architect. Born Paris 25. 9. 1613, died there 9. 10. 1688. Brother of Charles Perrault. Studied medicine in Paris, doctorate there 1641. 1666 founder member of the Académie des sciences; 1667 member of the Petit conseil on the reconstruction of the Louvre, appointed by Jean Baptiste Colbert. Work and influence P.’s greatest contribution to classical studies was his translation of the ten books on architecture by Vitruvius [2]. This was the definitive French translation of its day and had an influence far beyond France [4]; [6]…

Perrot, Georges

(633 words)

Author(s): Schnapp, Alain
French classical archaeologist, ancient historian and epigraphist. Born Villeneuve-Saint-Georges (near Paris), 12. 11. 1832, died Paris 30. 6. 1914. From 1852, studied at the École normale supérieure (ENS) in Paris; 1855–1857 member of the École française d’Athènes; from 1858 schoolteacher in Angoulême, Orléans, Versailles and at Lycée Louis-le-Grand in Paris. 1867 docteur ès lettres; from 1868 prof. at ENS; from 1874 prof. at École pratique des hautes études (EPHE); from 1876 prof. of archaeology at the Sorbonne; 1883–1903 director of the ENS. From 1874 member of the Académie des…

Petersen, Eugen

(588 words)

Author(s): Blanck, Horst
German classical archaeologist and philologist. Born 16. 8. 1836 in Heiligenhafen (Schleswig-Holstein, then part of Denmark), died Hamburg 14. 12. 1919. School at Glückstadt, then studied philology at Kiel, then Bonn; 1859 doctorate in Kiel on Theophrastus [1]. 1859–1861 Danish bursary, staying mostly in Rome at the Instituto di Corrispondenza Archeologica. 1862 habil. at Erlangen. 1864–1869 schoolteacher Husum, then until 1873 at Plön. 1873 prof. ord. in ‘ancient classical philology and archaeology’ at Dorpat. From 1879 prof. ord. at Univ. of …
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