Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 6 : History of classical Scholarship - A Biographical Dictionary

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by: Peter Kuhlmann (Göttingen) and Helmuth Schneider (Kassel)

This compendium gives a comprehensive overview of the history of classical studies. Alphabetically arranged, it provides biographies of over 700 scholars from the fourteenth century onwards who have made their mark on the study of Antiquity. These include the lives, careers and works of classical philologists, archaeologists, ancient historians, students of epigraphy, numismatics, papyrology, Egyptology and the Ancient Near East, philosophers, anthropologists, social scientists, art historians, collectors and writers. The biographies put the scholars in their social, political and cultural contexts while focusing on their scholarly achievements and their contributions to modern classical scholarship.

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Kähler, Heinz

(729 words)

Author(s): Von Hesberg, Henner
German classical archaeologist. Born Tetenbüll (North Friesland) 21. 1. 1905, died Cologne 9. 1. 1974. School at Flensburg. Studied archaeology at Freiburg, Berlin and Kiel; 1929 doctorate at Freiburg. 1931/32 travel scholarship. 1936/37 academic assistant at the Pergamonmuseum in Berlin; 1937–1941 assistant at Univ. of Munich. From 1941 conservator at Munich Museum für Abgüsse klassischer Bildwerke (Classical Casts Museum). 1940–1945 army service. 1942 habil. at Munich. 1943 lecturer, 1951 prof. ext. there; 1953 prof. ord. in classical archaeology …

Kahrstedt, Ulrich

(442 words)

Author(s): Baltrusch, Ernst
German ancient historian. Born Neisse (Silesia) 27. 4. 1888, died Göttingen 27. 1. 1962. 1906 studied Roman law at Edinburgh, then 1906/07 classics at Berlin, 1907 at Strasbourg, ¶ from 1907/08 in Berlin. As well as ancient history, thorough studies of the ancient Near Eastern languages. 1910 doctorate at Berlin with Eduard Meyer; 1912 habil. at Münster with Otto Seeck. After deputizing at Marburg 1913/14, career interrupted by war and full-time work for the German National People’s Party (DNVP). 1921–1952 (with temporary s…

Karo, Georg Heinrich

(482 words)

Author(s): Lindenlauf, Astrid
German archaeologist. Born Venice 11. 1. 1872, died Freiburg in Breisgau 12. 11. 1963. School in Freiburg, studied at Munich and Bonn. Doctorate 1896, habil. 1902, Bonn. 1902 priv.-doz. at Univ. of Bonn. 1905 second secretary of DAI at Athens, succeeding Wilhelm Dörpfeld as director of excavations 1912. 1920 prof. ord. at Halle; 1930–1936 first secretary at Athens. Emigrated to USA 1939. 1939–1952 teaching at American univs. Returned to Germany 1952. Career, works and influence K. studied philology and archaeology with leading teachers. His comprehensive knowledge of a…

Karousos, Christos

(524 words)

Author(s): Moustaka, Aliki
Also transliterated Karusos. Greek classical archaeologist. Born Amfissa 14. 3. 1900, died Athens 30. 3. 1967. Studied at Athens with Christos Tsountas. Worked for the Greek antiquities service from 1919; 1924 ephoros for Thessalia, 1926 for Boeotia, Euboeua and Phocis. 1928–1930 studied at Munich with Ernst Buschor, Wilhelm Pinder et al., and at Berlin with Gerhart Rodenwaldt. 1935 ephor for the Cyclades; 1942–1964 director of the National Archaeological Museum at Athens; from 1929 a member of the DAI. Resigned his membershi…

Karousou-Papaspyridi, Semni

(380 words)

Author(s): Moustaka, Aliki
Also transliterated as: Karusu; forename also Polysemni. Greek classical archaeologist. Born Tripoli (Arcadia) 1898, died Athens 8. 12. 1994. Daughter of an officer; studied archaeology at Athens, teachers including Panagiotis Kavvadias and Christos Tsountas; 1928 Humboldt scholar, student at Munich with Paul Wolters and Ernst Buschor, at Berlin with Gerhart Rodenwaldt. 1922 firstly epimelitria (inspector), then 1930 ephor with the Greek antiquities ¶ service. 1929 member of the DAI. 1933–1965 director of the vase collection at the Athens National Museum. 1…

Kaschnitz von Weinberg, Guido

(771 words)

Author(s): Hofter, Mathias René
Austrian classical archaeologist. Born Vienna 28. 6. 1890, died Frankfurt 1. 9. 1958. School and studies at Vienna, doctorate there 1913. 1923–1927 academic assistant at DAI Rome. ¶ 1932 habil. at Freiburg. 1932 prof. ord. of classical archaeology at Königsberg; 1937 prof. ord. at Marburg; 1940 prof. ord. at Frankfurt; 1952–1956 first director of the DAI at Rome. Scholarly career K. grew up in Vienna, the son of a senior ministerial official. After studying at the univ. there, he took his doctorate in 1913 on Greek Classical vase painting, supervised by Emil Reisch. He received a travel bursary for Greece and Turkey in 1913/14. In 1914, he took part in excavations in the Kerameikos. After fighting in Worl…

Keil, Josef

(425 words)

Author(s): Pesditschek, Martina
Austrian epigraphist and archaeologist. Born Reichenberg (northern Bohemia, now Liberec, Czech Rep.) 13. 10. 1878, died Vienna 13. 12. 1963. School at Reichenberg; 1897 studied classics at Univ. of Vienna. 1899/1900 one year as volunteer with 1st Imperial and Royal Field Rifle Battalion ( K.u.k. Feldjägerbataillon Nr. 1). 1903 doctorate; 1904 teaching examination for classical philology and German. 1904, secretary of the Austrian Archaeological Institute, initially at Smyrna (Izmir), then from 1918 at Vienna. 1920 priv.-doz. at Univ. of Vienna. 1922 government councillor ( Regi…

Kekulé von Stradonitz, Reinhard

(782 words)

Author(s): Kreikenbom, Detlev
German archaeologist. Born Darmstadt 6. 3. 1839, died Berlin 22. 3. 1911. School in Darmstadt; studied at Erlangen, Göttingen and Berlin; doctorate 1861 at Berlin. 1863 scholarship from the Prussian Archaeological Institute; study tour to Rome, Italy and Greece until 1868. Habil. 1868 at Bonn. 1869 working at the Sammlung Nassauischer Altertümer in Wiesbaden. 1870 prof. ord. in classical archaeology at Bonn. From 1874 member of the central directorate of the Archäeologisches Institut des Deutschen Reichs; from 1889 director of the sculpture department at the Berliner Museen and p…

Kerényi, Karl

(619 words)

Author(s): Fornaro, Sotera
Hungarian-Swiss classical philologist and religious scholar. Born Temesvár (then Austria-Hungary, now Timişoara, Romania) 19. 1. 1897, died Kilchberg (canton of Zurich, Switzerland) 14. 4. 1973. 1919 doctorate in classical philology at Univ. of Budapest (on Plato and Longinus). From 1920, studies at Greifswald, Berlin and Heidelberg, teachers Hermann Diels, Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, Eduard Norden, Eduard Meyer and Franz Boll. 1927 habil. in religious history at Budapest [1]. From 1924,…