Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 6 : History of classical Scholarship - A Biographical Dictionary

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by: Peter Kuhlmann (Göttingen) and Helmuth Schneider (Kassel)

This compendium gives a comprehensive overview of the history of classical studies. Alphabetically arranged, it provides biographies of over 700 scholars from the fourteenth century onwards who have made their mark on the study of Antiquity. These include the lives, careers and works of classical philologists, archaeologists, ancient historians, students of epigraphy, numismatics, papyrology, Egyptology and the Ancient Near East, philosophers, anthropologists, social scientists, art historians, collectors and writers. The biographies put the scholars in their social, political and cultural contexts while focusing on their scholarly achievements and their contributions to modern classical scholarship.

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Jacobsen, Thorkild

(519 words)

Author(s): Foster, Benjamin Read
Danish archaeologist and Sumerologist. Born Copenhagen 7. 6. 1904, died Bradford, New Hampshire, 2. 5. 1993. Studied Semitic studies and Assyriology with Otto Emil Ravn …

Jacobsthal, Paul

(848 words)

Author(s): Frey, Otto-Herman
German archaeologist. Born Paul Ferdinand J., Berlin 23. 2. 1880, died Oxford 27. 10. 1957. 1898–1906 studied at Berlin, Göttingen and Bonn, doctorate 1906 Bonn. Volunteer at the Akademisches Kunstmuseum in Würzburg; 1906/07 DAI travel bursary (to Greece and Asia Minor). 1907/08 travel to Italy. From October 1908, assistant at Archaeological Institute a…

Jacoby, Felix

(584 words)

Author(s): Baumgarten, Roland
German classical philologist. Born Magdeburg 19. 3. 1876, died Berlin 10. 11. 1959. 1894 studied classical philology at Freiburg i. Br., 1895/96 in Munich, 1896 in Berlin; doctorate 1900, habil. 1903, Berlin. …

Jaeger, Werner

(1,327 words)

Author(s): Calder, William M. III
German-American classical philologist. Born Werner Wilhelm J., Lobberich (Viersen) 30. 7. 1888; died Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, 19. 10. 1961. 1907–1911 studied classical philology, philosophy and theology at Berlin; doctorate in philology there 1911 and habil. 1914 prof. ext. in classical philology at Basel; 1915–1921 prof. ord. at Univ. of Kiel. From 1921 prof. ord. at Univ. of Berlin. 1936 emigration to the United States. From 1936, prof. of Greek studies and ancient philosophy at Univ. of Chicago; 1939–1960 prof. at Harvard. US citizen from 1943. 1925 co-founder of the Deutscher Altphilologenverband and its deputy chairman. Many international honours and academic memberships. Scholarly career and works J., born into the Lutheran family of a textile factory manager, began Latin at eight, Greek at 13 at the local Catholic Gymnasium. While still a schoolboy, he was attracted to the history of the Greek mind, his interest in ideas disciplined by a rigorous historical conscience. After one term at Marburg (1907), he transferred to the Friedrich-Wilhelms-Univ. Berlin, where Hermann Diels, Adolf Lasson, Eduard Norden, Johannes Vahlen and Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff won him for classical philology. He also studied theology under Adolf von Harnack and Karl Holl. In his diss. supervised by Diels [1], he argued t…

Jahn, Otto

(1,439 words)

Author(s): Müller, Carl Werner
German classical philologist, classical archaeologist and musicologist. Born Kiel 16. 6. 1813, died Göttingen 9. 9. 1869. Gelehrtenschule at Kiel, then Schulpforta (Naumburg). From 1831, studied at Univs. of Kiel, Leipzig and Berlin; 1836 doctorate at Kiel with entitlement to teach at the Univ. there. 1837–1839 Danish travel bursary for Paris and Italy. 1842 prof. ext. in philology and archaeology at Greifswald, 1845 prof. ord. there (after turning down an invitation to St. Petersburg). 1847 appointed to a chair…

Jebb, Richard Claverhouse

(798 words)

Author(s): Wenzel, Antonia
British classical philologist. Born Dundee 27. 8. 1841; died Cambridge 9. 12. 1905. Attended Charterhouse School in London; from 1858, student at Trinity College, Cambridge. 1862 Senior Classic; 1865 MA; 1865–1875 assistant tutor, from 1872 tutor. 1875–1889 prof. of Greek at Glasgow; 1889–1905 Regius Prof. of Greek at Cambridge; from 1892 also working at other univs. (Baltimore, Oxford). Member of v…

Jensen, Peter

(381 words)

Author(s): Cancik-Kirschbaum, Eva
German Assyriologist. Born Peter Christian Albrecht J., Bordeaux, 16. 8. 1861, died Marburg/Lahn 16. 8. 1936. Studied theology at Univ. of Leipzig from 1880, changing to Oriental studies and Assyriology there with Friedrich Delitzsch, then at Berlin with Eberhard Schrader and Eduard Sachau. 1884 doctorate at Berlin; thereafter librarian at Kiel and Strasbourg. 1888 habil. and priv.-doz. at Univ. of Strasbourg. 1892–1928 prof. ord. at Marburg, succeeding Julius Wellhausen. Work and influence The main focus of J.’s work was the study of the Assyrian and Babylonian tra…