Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 6 : History of classical Scholarship - A Biographical Dictionary

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Subject: Classical Studies

Edited by: Peter Kuhlmann (Göttingen) and Helmuth Schneider (Kassel)

This compendium gives a comprehensive overview of the history of classical studies. Alphabetically arranged, it provides biographies of over 700 scholars from the fourteenth century onwards who have made their mark on the study of Antiquity. These include the lives, careers and works of classical philologists, archaeologists, ancient historians, students of epigraphy, numismatics, papyrology, Egyptology and the Ancient Near East, philosophers, anthropologists, social scientists, art historians, collectors and writers. The biographies put the scholars in their social, political and cultural contexts while focusing on their scholarly achievements and their contributions to modern classical scholarship.

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Eckhel, Joseph Hilarius

(886 words)

Author(s): Mittag, Peter Franz
Austrian Jesuit and numismatist. Born 13. 1. 1737 at Enzesfeld (Lower Austria), died Vienna 16. 5. 1798. Latin School at Vienna; entered the Society of Jesus 17. 10. 1751; holy orders 1764 after studies of theology, Hebrew, ancient languages, philosophy, mathematics. Teacher of grammar; 1770 curator of the Society’s coin collection. Studied in Italy from 1772; reorganized the coin collection of the future Emperor Leopold II at Florence. At Vienna from 1774; director of the Imperial Coin Cabinet; teacher at the Univ. of Vienna. Career As a teacher of grammar, E. wrote poems and a…

Edel, Elmar

(821 words)

Author(s): Junge, Friedrich
German Egyptologist. Born Ludwigshafen 12. 3. 1914, died Bonn 25. 4. 1997. Gymnasium at Würzburg; 1933/34 studied Egyptology at Heidelberg, then Berlin from 1934; 1941 doctorate Berlin (while still a soldier); 1947 habil. in Heidelberg. Prof. ext. at Bonn from 1955; 1963–1982 prof. ord. of Egyptology there, succeeding Hans Bonnet. From 1959, excavations and epigraphic work at Qubbet el-Hawa (rock tomb necropoleis near Aswan). Member of numerous scholarly societies. Career After commencing his studies at Heidelberg with Hermann Ranke (1934), E. pursued his interest…

Edelstein, Ludwig

(845 words)

Author(s): Schlange-Schöningen, Heinrich
German-American philologist and historian of medicine. Born Berlin 23. 4. 1902, died New York 16. 8. 1965. 1912–1924 studied classical philology and philosophy at the Univ. of Berlin, especially with Werner Jaeger and Eduard Spranger; continued studies at Heidelberg, with Karl Jaspers, Otto Regenbogen and Alfred Weber; doctorate there 1929. [1]. 1930–1932 assistant at Institute for the History of Medicine, Univ. of Berlin. Teaching contract there 1933, which E. then lost after the National Socia…

Eder, Walter

(481 words)

Author(s): Schlange-Schöningen, Heinrich
German ancient historian. Born Winterberg 2. 4. 1941, died Berlin 16. 7. 2009. Studied classical philology and history at Univ. of Munich; 1966–1970 research assistant, 1969 doctorate at Univ. of Munich; 1970 academic councillor there. 1971 named prof. of ancient history at Freie Univ. Berlin; 1978 habil. there; 1992 appointed to Ruhr-Univ. Bochum; 2006 emeritus. Works and influence In his diss. on repetundae proceedings before Sulla [1], E. followed the modern school of legal history founded by Wolfgang Kunkel that called into question Theodor Mommsen’s s…

Edzard, Dietz Otto

(504 words)

Author(s): Sallaberger, Walther
German Ancient Near Eastern specialist. Born 28. 8. 1930 in Bremen, died Munich 2. 6. 2004. Studied Oriental languages and Assyriology at Heidelberg and Paris, 1950–1955; 1955 doctorate at Heidelberg. 1956–1958 assistant at DAI Baghdad; 1958–1960 assistance on Akkadian dictionary project of Wolfram von Soden at Vienna. Habil. at Munich, 1960. 1961/62 lecturer at Harvard Univ., Cambridge, Massachusetts; 1963–1999 prof. ord. at Munich. Member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences, the Royal Dutch Ac…

Egger, Rudolf

(387 words)

Author(s): Pesditschek, Martina
Austrian ancient historian and archaeologist. Born 11. 4. 1882 in Bruck an der Mur, died Vienna 7. 5. 1969. After attending school at various places in Styria and at Villach, studied classical languages, ancient history, epigraphy, archaeology and German studies at Univ. of Vienna, taking doctorate there 1905. 1906 Gymnasium teaching examination in classical philology and German. 1904–1906 tutor to the children of the ancient historian Eugen Bormann at Klosterneuburg. 1907 teacher at the German Gymnasium in Pula (Istria); 1908 Gymnasium teacher at Klagenfurt. 1912 secretary…