Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 6 : History of classical Scholarship - A Biographical Dictionary

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by: Peter Kuhlmann (Göttingen) and Helmuth Schneider (Kassel)

This compendium gives a comprehensive overview of the history of classical studies. Alphabetically arranged, it provides biographies of over 700 scholars from the fourteenth century onwards who have made their mark on the study of Antiquity. These include the lives, careers and works of classical philologists, archaeologists, ancient historians, students of epigraphy, numismatics, papyrology, Egyptology and the Ancient Near East, philosophers, anthropologists, social scientists, art historians, collectors and writers. The biographies put the scholars in their social, political and cultural contexts while focusing on their scholarly achievements and their contributions to modern classical scholarship.

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Dacier, Anne and André

(1,106 words)

Author(s): Göbel, Johannes
Anne Dacier French philologist and translator. Born Saumur 1654, died Paris 17. 8. 1720. Daughter of the Humanist Tanneguy Le Fèvre the Elder (1615–1672), who encouraged her talents from a young age. In Paris from 1672 with the friend of her youth, André D. (see below), whom she married in 1683. Conversion to Catholicism 1685. Work and influence D., a philological prodigy, began her career as the fille savante of her learned father. He, originally a Catholic theologian and head of the royal publishing house at the Louvre, converted to Calvinism after the death o…

Dal Pozzo, Cassiano

(1,721 words)

Author(s): Federici, Fabrizio
Italian scholar and antiquarian. Born Turin 21. 2. 1588, died Rome 22. 10. 1657. From 1596, a ward of his uncle Carlo Antonio, Archbishop of Pisa. Entered the military order of the Cavalieri di Santo Stefano in 1599. Returned to Piedmont in 1606, where he worked for several months as a lawyer in the Piedmontese Senate (Turin). Judge at Siena from 1608; at Rome from 1611. Member of the Accademia dei Lincei in Rome from 1622; from 1623 secretary in the service of Cardinal Francesco Barberini, whom he ¶ accompanied on missions to France and Spain in 1625/26, and Primo maestro di camera in the Apost…

Deichmann, Friedrich-Wilhelm

(447 words)

Author(s): Mietke, Gabriele
German Christian archaeologist. Born Jena 17. 12. 1909, died 13. 9. 1993 in Mentana near Rome. Abitur at Jena 1929; studied art history and archaeology at the Univs. of Graz, Munich, Jena and Halle; doctorate at Halle 1934. 1934/35 and 1936/37, scholarly assistant at Berlin Museums; 1935/36 DAI travel scholarship. Short-term contracts and projects at DAI in Rome from 1937; employed there from 1955. Retired as scientific director 1974. Teaching jobs in Christian archaeology 1950–1969 at the Facoltà Valdese di Te…

Delbrück, Hans

(962 words)

Author(s): Nippel, Wilfried
German historian. born Bergen (Rügen) 1. 11. 1848, died Berlin 14. 7. 1929. Studied history from 1867 at Greifswald; fought in Franco-Prussian War 1870/71; doctorate at Bonn 1873. 1874–1879 tutor to the Prussian Prince Waldemar. 1881 habil. at Berlin, 1895 prof. ext., 1896 prof. ord. at Berlin. 1883–1919 editor of Preussische Jahrbücher. Member of the lower chamber of the Prussian parliament 1882–1885 and the Reichstag 1884–1890. Scholarly career D., who came from a family of civil servants and scholars, was a scholar-politician whose scholarly work was closely …

Delbrueck, Richard

(592 words)

Author(s): Bergmann, Marianne
German classical archaeologist. Born Jena 14. 7. 1875; died Bonn 22. 8. 1957. Studied economics, then classical archaeology at Neuchâtel, Munich, Berlin, Bonn. Doctorate 1899 at Bonn. 1899/1900 DAI travel scholarship; 1903 habil. at Berlin. 1909–1915 director of the DAI, Rome. 1915–1918 consultant at Ministry of War, 1919–1922 at Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 1923–1928 prof. ord. of classical archaeology at Giessen; 1928–1940 prof. ord. of classical archaeology at Bonn. Career and works D. came from a renowned scholarly family. He took his doctorate after only six se…

Delcourt, Marie

(458 words)

Author(s): Lilie, Valeria
Belgian classical philologist and ancient historian. Born Ixelles 18. 11. 1891, died Liège 11. 2. 1979. Married to the Belgian writer Alexis Curvers from 1932. Studied at the Univ. of Liège 1911–1919. Member of the spy network La Dame Blanche during World War I. Two years studying in Paris from 1919; 1922–1942 prof. of Greek rhetoric at in Institut supérieur des demoiselles Liège (so-called. Institut Braquaval, later the Lycée Léonie de Waha); from 1929 lecturer at the Univ. de Liège; 1940–1961 prof. ord. there. Works and influence With her interdisciplinary cours libre on the history…

Delitzsch, Friedrich

(1,385 words)

Author(s): Lehmann, Reinhard
German Assyriologist. Born Erlangen 3. 9. 1850, died Berlin 19. 12. 1922. 1868–1873 studied Indo-European and Semitic Studies at Leipzig and Berlin (1872), doctorate 1873, habil. Berlin 1874. 1877 prof. ext. of Semitic Studies with special focus on Assyriology at Leipzig, 1885 honorary prof. ord. in Semitic languages with special focus on Assyrian, also at Leipzig. 1893/94 prof. ord. in Breslau, 1899 prof. ord. in Berlin and director of the Western Asian Dept. at the Berlin Museum. Scholarly career and works D., son of the Old Testament scholar and Hebraist Franz Julius D., …

Della Fonte, Bartolomeo

(438 words)

Author(s): Thurn, Nikolaus
Also Fonzio, and Latin Bartholomaeus Fontius; Florentine Humanist, translator and poet. Born 1446 in Florence, died Montemurlo 1513. School and studies at Florence. 1469–1471 at Ferrara; 1471–1483 at Florence; from 1481 prof. at Studio Fiorentino; 1483–1484 in Rome; 1484–1490 travelled via Ragusa to Buda; 1490 back at Florence; priest at Montemurlo from 1494. Works and influence D. F. studied Greek and Latin with Cristoforo Landino, John Argyropoulos, Bernardo Nuti and others. He forged contacts with Hungarian Humanists that led him to play a central…

Della Seta, Alessandro

(673 words)

Author(s): Barbanera, Marcello
Italian archaeologist. Born Rome 29. 6. 1879, died Casteggio di Pavia 20. 9. 1944. 1901 doctorate ¶ in archaeologist and history of ancient art at Rome. Assistant there in 1904, lecturer 1909; 1909 inspector of the museum of the Villa Giulia (Rome). 1913 prof. of archaeology at Genoa. Volunteered for military service 1915. 1919 director of the Scuola Archeologica Italiana in Athens. Initiated and directed major excavations on Lemnos. Dismissed from public service 1938 because of the new race laws. Works and influence D., the son of a Jewish doctor, took his doctorate with Eman…

Dempster, Thomas

(798 words)

Author(s): Steuernagel, Dirk
Scottish classical philologist, legal scholar and philosopher. Born Cliftbog, Aberdeenshire, 23. 8. 1579, died Bologna 6. 9. 1625. From 1589 to c. 1598 studied classical literature and philosophy at Cambridge, Paris, Leuven, Rome and Douai. Various professorships in classical literature, philosophy and Roman law at Tournai, Paris, Toulouse, Montpellier, Nîmes, then again at Paris from 1609. Court historian ( historicus regius) in London 1615/16. 1616 working at Rome; prof. of Roman law at Pisa in the same year; 1619–1625 prof. of classical literature at Bologna. Career, works an…

De Rossi, Giovanni Battista

(612 words)

Author(s): Buonocore, Marco | Graepler, Daniel
Italian Christian archaeologist and epigrapher. Born Rome 23. 2. 1822, died Castelgandolfo 20. 9. 1894. Studied philosophy at the CollegioRomano, taking doctorate in law 1843 at the Sapienza in Rome. Named scriptor at the Vatican Library. 1871–1894 president of the Pontificia Accademia romana di archeologia; from 1878 prefect of the Museo Cristiano in Rome; from 1884 president of the Società dei cultori di archeologia cristiana and secretary of the Pontificia Commissione di archeologia sacra; 1853 member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences, and of the Bavarian Acade…

De Sanctis, Gaetano

(816 words)

Author(s): Marcone, Arnaldo
Italian ancient historian. Born Rome 15. 10. 1870, died there 9. 4. 1957. Studied at the Univ. La Sapienza in Rome from 1888, graduating in ancient history 1892 in ( laurea). 1900–1929 prof. ord. in the history of antiquity at Univ. of Turin. 1929–1931 at Sapienza in Rome. Dismissed in 1931 for refusing to take an oath of loyalty to the Fascists. New teaching permit awarded 1944. 1950 made a senator for life. Scholarly background De S. was the third son of a capitano in the Papal gendarmerie. He came from a family of scrupulous legal principles who, out of loyalty to the Papac…

Dessau, Hermann

(423 words)

Author(s): Gerhardt, Thomas
German ancient historian and epigraphist. Born 6. 4. 1856 in Frankfurt, died Berlin 12. 4. 1931. 1874–1876 studied classics at Berlin, 1876/77 at Strasbourg, doctorate there 1877; 1884 habil. in ancient history at Berlin; 1912 honorary prof. ext., 1917 honorary prof. ord. in ancient history there. Works and influence Tycho Mommsen, director of D.’s Frankfurt Gymnasium, put D., who was the son of a rabbi, in contact with his brother Theodor Mommsen, and D. became his student. His connection with the Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum (CIL) that Mommsen directed would determine his …

De Ste. Croix, Geoffrey

(676 words)

Author(s): Schneider, Helmuth
British ancient historian. Born Geoffrey Ernest Maurice (usually G. E. M.) De Ste. C. in Macao 8. 2. 1910, died Oxford 5. 2. 2000. Legal training at Bristol; worked as a lawyer, then active in the Labour movement from 1935; war service from 1940. Studied ancient history at Univ. College London from 1947. Lecturer in ancient economic history from 1950 at the London School of Economics; fellow of New College, Oxford from 1953 and tutor there until 1977. Career, works and influence D. Ste. C., born in China, the son of a British customs official, came from a Huguenot family that…