Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 6 : History of classical Scholarship - A Biographical Dictionary

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by: Peter Kuhlmann (Göttingen) and Helmuth Schneider (Kassel)

This compendium gives a comprehensive overview of the history of classical studies. Alphabetically arranged, it provides biographies of over 700 scholars from the fourteenth century onwards who have made their mark on the study of Antiquity. These include the lives, careers and works of classical philologists, archaeologists, ancient historians, students of epigraphy, numismatics, papyrology, Egyptology and the Ancient Near East, philosophers, anthropologists, social scientists, art historians, collectors and writers. The biographies put the scholars in their social, political and cultural contexts while focusing on their scholarly achievements and their contributions to modern classical scholarship.

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Cagnat, René

(448 words)

Author(s): Kirbihler, François
French epigrapher. Born Paris 10. 10. 1852, died there 27. 3. 1937. 1873–1876 École normale supérieure ( Agrégé de grammaire); 1880 Thèse du doctorat in Paris. 1887 appointed to Collège de France, where he taught Roman epigraphy for 45 years; 1895 elected to Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres; 1916–1937 Secrétaire perpétuel of the same body. Work and influence C.’s dissertation dealt with Roman indirect taxation [1], and was based on an analysis of inscriptions. From then on, C. made Roman inscriptions the main focus of his research and teachi…

Calderini, Domizio

(830 words)

Author(s): Thurn, Nikolaus
Latin Calderinus/De Caldarinis or Calderiis, Domitius/Dominicus; Italian Humanist. Born 1446 (1444/45?) in Torri del Benaco (Verona), died between January and May 1478 at Rome. Studied grammar at Verona with Antonio Brognoligo/Brognanigo, then ca. 1464 in Venice with Benedetto Brugnoli di Legnago. Moved to Rome 1466; secretary there to Cardinal Basilios Bessarion and teaching position at Studio Romano ( Studium Urbis). 1470 prof. of rhetoric (and Greek), 1471 Apostolic Secretary; 1472 mission to France accompanying Bessarion. Returned to Rome after Bess…

Camden, William

(1,104 words)

Author(s): Schnapp, Alain
English historian and antiquarian. Born London 2. 5. 1551, son of the painter Sampson C., died 9. 11. 1623 at Chislehurst, Kent. Attended the famous St. Paul’s School in London. Studied at Oxford from 1566. Extended tour abroad in 1571. From 1575, Second Master (Usher) of Westminster School in London. Also researching English antiquities in libraries, archives and surveys. Headmaster of Winchester College 1593. 1597 Clarenceux King of Arms at the College of Arms in London. Retired to private lif…

Camerarius, Ioachimus

(820 words)

Author(s): Deufert, Marcus
Joachim Kammermeister; German Humanist and poet. Born Bamberg 12. 4. 1500, died Leipzig 17. 4. 1574. From 1513, studied at Leipzig facultas artium, from 1518 at the Univ. of Erfurt; magister artium there 1521. 1535 prof. of Greek at Univ. of Tübingen, from 1541 of Greek and Latin at Univ. of Leipzig. Work and influence C., who came from a family of Bamberg aldermen, quickly developed a particular interest in Greek, which he studied at Leipzig with the Englishman Richard Croke and Petrus Mosellanus. After his studies, he taught first at Wittenberg, w…

Canter, Willem

(440 words)

Author(s): Kuhlmann, Peter
Dutch philologist. Born Leeuwarden or Utrecht 1542, died Leuven 1575. Studied Leuven from 1554, Paris from 1560. Thereafter lived and travelled as private scholar, including Italy (1560–1563). Work and Influence C. went to study at Leuven at the tender age of 12. In 1560 he went to Paris, where he met Jean Dorat and Joseph Justus Scaliger. Because of the unrest of the Wars of Religion, C. travelled to Italy in 1562, where he made an intensive study of manuscripts. C. was financially independent, and worked for no univ. Like his French teachers, and unlike most of his Dutch colleague…

Carcopino, Jérôme

(597 words)

Author(s): Kirbihler, François
French ancient historian. Born 27. 6. 1881 in Verneuil-sur-Avre (Normandy), died Paris 17. 3. 1970. 1900–1904 École normale supérieure; Agrégé d’histoire there 1904; 1904–1907 member of the École française de Rome; 1907–1912 schoolteacher at college of Le Havre. 1912 post at Univ. of Algiers. 1914–1919 officer; 1919 doctorate; 1920 prof. ord. at Sorbonne. 1930 elected to Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres; 1937–1940 Director of the École française de Rome; 1940/41 and 1942–1944 Director of the École normale supérieure; 1941/42 Secretary of State for National Edu…

Carter, Howard

(437 words)

Author(s): Gertzen, Thomas
British Egyptologist and archaeologist. Born Kensington (London) 9. 5. 1874, died London 2. 3. 1939. 1891–1893 took part in Archaeological Survey of Egypt; 1892 took part in excavations at Amarna; 1893–1899 archaeological draughtsman for excavations at Deir el Bahri; 1900–1905 Chief Inspector of the Egyptian Antiquities Service in Cairo. 1905–1909 freelance draughtsman at Luxor. 1909 commencement of collaboration with Lord Carnarvon; 1914–1916 King’s Messenger in Egypt. 1917–1922 excavations in Valley of the Kings; 1922 discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun. Work and influen…

Casaubonus, Isaac

(1,500 words)

Author(s): Schindler, Claudia
Isaac Casaubon. Anglo-French Humanist and philologist. Born Geneva 18. 2. 1559, died while travelling to Greenwich, 1. 7. 1614; buried in Westminster Abbey. 1578–1581 studied theology and Greek at Geneva. 1582–1596 prof. of Greek, also at Geneva. 1596–1600 prof. at Montpellier; 1600 Lectureur du roi in Paris; 1601 sub-librarian of the Royal Library, 1605–1610 Garde de la librairie du roi, Paris. 1610 emigrated to England; English citizenship 1611. Biography and background C.’ parents were Protestant Huguenot refugees from Gascony. Following the proclamation of Cath…

Cavaceppi, Bartolomeo

(851 words)

Author(s): Grassinger, Dagmar
Italian sculptor and restorer. Born between 1715 and 1717 at Rome, died there 9. 12. 1799. Trained in various sculpture workshops, then own workshop in Rome. Travelled to Germany in 1768. Member of the Society of Antiquaries and, from 1782, of the Accademia di San Luca. Background C., son of the Roman Gaetano Cavaceppi and Petronilla Rotti, won first prize in the annual competition of the Accademia di San Luca in 1732, in the sculpture class for a copy of a work by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, then in 1738 won second prize for his own compositions. C. had worked in the …

Caylus, Anne-Claude-Philippe, Comte de

(1,282 words)

Author(s): Stähli, Adrian
Anne-Claude-Philippe de Thubières, de Grimoard, de Pestels, de Lévis, Comte de Caylus; scholar, collector, man of letters and artist. Most important French antiquarian and archaeologist of the 18th cent. Born Paris 31. 10. 1692, died there 5. 9. 1765. 1731 elected to the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture, 1742 to the Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres in Paris. Background and work Born into the old, high aristocracy (his relatives included the Marquise de Maintenon), C. at first followed a military career, serving with distinction in the …

Cellarius, Christophorus

(825 words)

Author(s): Beck, Marcus
Christoph Martin Keller; German historian and philologist. Born Schmalkalden 22. 11. 1638, died Halle an der Saale 4. 6. 1707. Studied Classical and Oriental languages, philosophy, theology, law and mathematics from 1656 at Jena and from 1659 at Giessen; 1666 master of philosophy there. Teacher from 1667, then Rector from 1673 of the Gymnasien at Weissenfels, Weimar and Zeitz, from 1688 at Merseburg. From 1693, prof. of eloquence and history at the newly-founded Friedrichs-Univ. at Halle. 1697 director of the Collegium elegantioris litteraturae and the teachers’ seminar found…

Celtis, Conrad

(1,221 words)

Author(s): Pieper, Christoph
Konrad Bickel; German Humanist and poet. Born 1. 2. 1459 at Wipfeld near Schweinfurt, died Vienna 4. 2. 1508 in Wien. 1479 BA, Univ. of Cologne; 1484 studied at Heidelberg with Rudolf Agricola. 1487 crowned poeta laureatus; 1487–1489 studied in Italy; 1489–1491 astronomical studies in Krakow. 1491/92 and 1494/95 prof. of rhetoric and poetics at Ingolstadt; 1492/93 Rector of the Cathedral School at Regensburg; 1495/96 princely tutor at Heidelberg; from 1497 prof. of rhetoric and poetics at Vienna; from 1502 head of the Collegium poetarum et mathematicorum there. Student years and ne…

Ceporinus, Jacobus

(414 words)

Author(s): Gall, Dorothee
Wiesendanger, Jakob; Swiss philologist, Humanist and theologian. Born Dinhard (near Winterthur) 1499, died Zurich 20. 12. 1525. Studied at Cologne, Vienna and Ingolstadt. Worked as proofreader around 1521 at Basel, then from 1522 as teacher of Hebrew and Greek in Zurich. Married Elisabeth Scherer, former Dominican nun, in 1523. Work and influence J. Wiesendanger, who took the Humanist name Ceporinus (from the Greek kēpourós, ‘gardener’), attended Latin school at Winterthur in spite of his farming background, and quickly achieved brilliant Greek. He also lea…