Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 6 : History of classical Scholarship - A Biographical Dictionary

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Subject: Classical Studies

Edited by: Peter Kuhlmann (Göttingen) and Helmuth Schneider (Kassel)

This compendium gives a comprehensive overview of the history of classical studies. Alphabetically arranged, it provides biographies of over 700 scholars from the fourteenth century onwards who have made their mark on the study of Antiquity. These include the lives, careers and works of classical philologists, archaeologists, ancient historians, students of epigraphy, numismatics, papyrology, Egyptology and the Ancient Near East, philosophers, anthropologists, social scientists, art historians, collectors and writers. The biographies put the scholars in their social, political and cultural contexts while focusing on their scholarly achievements and their contributions to modern classical scholarship.

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Abbreviations

(859 words)

1. General abbreviations Abh. Abhandlung(en) Abt. Abteilung (department; section) Cod., Codd. Codex, Codices comm. commentary, commented DAI Deutsches Archäologisches Institut Dept. department diss. dissertation E. estate ed. edition Enz. Enzyklopädie et al. et alii, et aliae (and others/elsewhere) exh. cat. Ausstellungskatalog FS Festschrift habil. habilitation (German postdoctorate on approval of second thesis) Hdb. Handbuch hon. prof. honorary professor HWB Handwörterbuch Jb., Jbb. Jahrbuch, Jahrbücher Lex. Lexicon LW list of writings M. memoirs, autobiography MA M…

Acciaiuoli, Donato

(409 words)

Author(s): Thurn, Nikolaus
Italian Humanist. Born 15. 3. 1429 in Florence, died 28. 8. 1478 in Milan. Studied Greek, Latin and mathematics. Political assignments and appointments for Florence, and various embassies (to Milan, Rome, Siena). 1474 Florentine Gonfaloniere di Giustizia. Died at Milan during a diplomatic mission to Paris. Work and influence From the 1450s, A. was regularly sent on diplomatic missions, and he held high offices in the Florentine Republic. His political career in the service of the Medici was all the more extraordinary given that the Acciaiuoli …

Acidalius, Valens

(476 words)

Author(s): Hintzen, Beate
Havekenthal, Valentin; German Neo-Latin poet and translator. Born 1567 in Wittstock/Ostpriegnitz, died 25. 5. 1595 in Neisse. Son of a Protestant pastor. Studied philosophy from c. 1584 in Rostock, from 1587 in Greifswald, where he probably also studied medicine; 1590–1593 study trip to Italy (Padua, Bologna, Naples and Rome); 1594–1595 occasional poet in Breslau. Work and influence A.’s renown rests principally on a polemic Disputatio [4] attributed to him, which attempts to argue that women are not human beings. This triggered a debate initially in Protest…

Addison, Joseph

(415 words)

Author(s): Berns, Christof
English writer, journalist and numismatist. Born 1. 5. 1672 in Milston (Wiltshire), died 17. 6. 1719 in London. 1687–1689 studied at Queen’s College, Oxford; 1689 Scholarship (Demyship), from 1696 Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford; 1691 BA 1699–1703 tour of Europe, thereafter a political career (1708–1719 Member of Parliament, 1717–1718 Secretary of State). Background, work and influence A.’s father was the Anglican minister Lancelot A., known as an author of geographical works about Morocco. Coming from a family of modest means, A. was for most of …

Aesticampianus, Johannes Rhagius

(508 words)

Author(s): Gall, Dorothee
Rack von Sommerfeld, Johannes; German theologian and Humanist. Born c. 1457 in Sommerfeld (Niederlausitz, now in Poland), died 31. 5. 1520 in Wittenberg. Studied at Krakow from 1491, with Conrad Celtis among others; then in 1499 with Filippo Beroaldo in Bologna. Professorships: of philosophy and rhetoric at Mainz 1501, of poetry and rhetoric at Frankfurt an der Oder 1506, of poetry at Leipzig 1508. Doctorate in theology at Rome 1511. Worked as teacher of Latin and Green 1512–1515 at Paris, Cologne, Cottbus and Freiberg. Professorship at Wittenberg from 1517. Work and influence A.’s fre…

Agostini, Leonardo

(813 words)

Author(s): Lang, Jörn
Italian antiquarian and gemmologist. Born 1594 in Castello di Bocheggiano (Grosseto), died August 1676 at Rome. Studied in Siena; moved to Florence, where he was under the patronage of the Medici before moving to Rome. From the early 1630s he supplied Cardinal Francesco Barberini with ancient statues and building materials. Following the intercession of Cassiano ¶ Dal Pozzo in 1639, Barberini put him in charge of his collections of coins and antiquities. From 1650, he wrote regular reports on archaeological discoveries and deliveri…