Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 4 : The Reception of Myth and Mythology

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by: Maria Moog-Grünewald
The Reception of Myth and Mythology highlights the routes and works through which the myths of Greece and Rome have passed into the cultural memory of Europe over the centuries, into its literature, music and art and its reflections on aesthetics and philosophy.

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(3,871 words)

Author(s): Mergenthaler, Volker
(Γοργώ(ν) [ Gorgṓ(n)], Latin Gorgo; Μέδουσα [ Médousa], Latin Medusa) A. Myth The name G. refers to Medusa (M.), one of the three Gorgon sisters. A daughter of Phorcys and Ceto, from the western rim of the world, she owes her mythological significance almost entirely to her quality of instilling extraordinary terror. Homer’s Iliad already locates this terror in her gaze or aspect, either of which will turn the person seen or seeing to stone, even after Perseus has struck off her head. The severed head of the G. continues to function as the Gorgon…