Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 4 : The Reception of Myth and Mythology

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Subject: Classical Studies

Edited by: Maria Moog-Grünewald
The Reception of Myth and Mythology highlights the routes and works through which the myths of Greece and Rome have passed into the cultural memory of Europe over the centuries, into its literature, music and art and its reflections on aesthetics and philosophy.

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Zeus

(4,027 words)

Author(s): Krause, Christiane
(Ζεύς [ Zeús]; Latin Iup(p)iter) Z., the chief god of the Olympian pantheon and sky-god, son of Kronos and Rhea, frequently appears episodically in ancient myth and its reception in the stories of other figures. The main features of the ancient myth of Z. will be examined here. On the reception of the individual myths, reference is made to the entries for the figures concerned. A. Name and earliest evidence The name Z. (genitive: Διός/Dios) is attested in many variants. It derives from a Proto-Indo-European root ( *di̯éu-) carrying the meanings ‘day’, ‘sky’ and the personified ‘s…