Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 4 : The Reception of Myth and Mythology

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Subject: Classical Studies

Edited by: Maria Moog-Grünewald
The Reception of Myth and Mythology highlights the routes and works through which the myths of Greece and Rome have passed into the cultural memory of Europe over the centuries, into its literature, music and art and its reflections on aesthetics and philosophy.

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Marsyas

(3,006 words)

Author(s): Drügh, Heinz J.
(Μαρσύας [ Marsýas]; Latin Marsyas A. Myth M. was originally a Phrygian river-god; to the Greeks he was a satyr or silen (Silen, Satyr). He is either the teacher of the flute-player Olympus (Hyg. Fab. 165) or his son (Apollod. 1,24). The starting point of the myth of M. is the goddess Athena and her invention of the aulos, a double flute. The effort of playing the flute distorts Athena’s face (Apollod. 1,24), inciting the mockery of Hera and Aphrodite (Hyg. Fab. 165). The goddess immediately discards the instrument and curses whoever finds it and plays…

Medea

(8,372 words)

Author(s): Corbineau-Hoffmann, Angelika
(Μήδεια [ Mḗdeia]; Latin Medea) A. Myth The myth of M. belongs to the complex of the Argonaut legend (Jason and the Argonauts). M., whose name derives from µέδοµαι ( medomai, ‘to be mindful’, ‘to devise’), is the daughter of the Oceanid Eidyia, ‘She who knows’ (or, according to other sources, the goddess of magic Hecate) and King Aeëtes of Colchis on the Black Sea. As granddaughter of the sun god Helios and niece of the sorceress Circe, and by virtue of her homeland, which was regarded as the land of magic, M. is versed in …