Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 4 : The Reception of Myth and Mythology

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Subject: Classical Studies

Edited by: Maria Moog-Grünewald
The Reception of Myth and Mythology highlights the routes and works through which the myths of Greece and Rome have passed into the cultural memory of Europe over the centuries, into its literature, music and art and its reflections on aesthetics and philosophy.

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Galatea and Polyphemus

(3,741 words)

Author(s): Müller, Gernot Michael
(Γαλάτεια, Πολύφηµος; Latin Galatea, Polyphemus) A. Myth The unrequited love of the Cyclops P. for the Nereid G. is first recorded in a dithyramb by Philoxenus of Cythera dated to the early 4th cent. BC, also the source of the association of the daughter of Nereus and the nymph Doris previously mentioned only in the catalogues of Nereids in Homer and Hesiod (Hom. Il. 18,45; Hes. Theog. 250) with the one-eyed giant (Hom. Od. 1,70) descended from Poseidon. Referring to the Odyssey, Philoxenus goes on to say that the awkward P. courts G. in vain, because she has decided in favo…

Ganymede

(3,299 words)

Author(s): Solch, Brigitte
(Γανυµήδης; Latin Ganymede, also Catamitus; Etruscan Catmite) A. Myth G., son of King Tros and Callirhoë, is abducted by the gods for his beauty, to serve Zeus for eternity as cupbearer and to please the Olympians by sight of him. Homer, the main source for this myth, only hints at the erotic component of Zeus’ attraction to G. (Hom. Il. 20,231–235; 5,265–267): Zeus compensates Tros for the abduction of his son by giving him divine horses. According to the less influential tradition ( Ilias parva fr. 6K), G. is two generations younger. His father, the Dardanid king Laomedon, re…