Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 4 : The Reception of Myth and Mythology

Purchase Access
Subject: Classical Studies

Edited by: Maria Moog-Grünewald
The Reception of Myth and Mythology highlights the routes and works through which the myths of Greece and Rome have passed into the cultural memory of Europe over the centuries, into its literature, music and art and its reflections on aesthetics and philosophy.

Subscriptions: See Brill.com

Cadmus

(2,130 words)

Author(s): Wogenstein, Sebastian
(Κάδµος [ Kádmos]; Latin Cadmus) A. Myth C. is the son of the Phoenician king Agenor and Telephassa, brother of Cilix, Phoenix and Europa, husband of Harmonia, father of Agave, Autonoe, Ino, Semele and Polydorus (Hom. Od. 5,333; Hes. Theog. 937, 975–978), and grandfather of Dionysus. At Agenor’s command, C. goes off in search for his sister Europa, whom Zeus has abducted (Eur. Phoen. 638–675). Following the instructions of the Delphic Oracle, which C. asks for advice, he follows a cow to found the city…

Cassandra

(2,267 words)

Author(s): Tauber, Christine
(Κασσάνδρα, Κασάνδρα, Κασσάνδρη [ Kas(s)-ándra/-ē]; Latin Cassandra) A. Myth C. is the daughter of the Trojan king Priam and Hecabe. Apollo gives her the gift of second sight. When she refuses his advances, he causes her (generally negative) prophecies to be unanimously disbelieved (Aesch. Ag. 1056ff; Apollod. 3,151; Hyg. Fab. 93), e.g. when the Wooden Horse is brought in (Verg. Aen. 2,246ff; Apollod. Epit. 5,17; Hyg. Fab. 108). During the conquest of Troy, the Locrian Ajax (B.2) tears her away from the …

Castor and Polydeuces

(1,867 words)

Author(s): Dickhaut, Kirsten
(Κάστωρ [ Kástōr], Πολυδεύκης [ Polydeúkēs]; Latin Castor, Polydeuces/Pollux; Διόσκουροι/ Διόσκοροι [ Diósko(u)roi]; Latin Dioscuri, Castores, Tyndarides) A. Myth C. and P. are of Ionian descent and are also known as the Dioscuri (= D.; ‘sons of Zeus’). According to some texts, only the boxer P. is immortal, and the horse-tamer C. is mortal. Two Homeric Hymns to the D. assign them two fathers, Zeus and the Spartan king Tyndareus (Hom. H. 17,1–5; 33,3 and 9). Their mother Leda conceives the twins by Zeus, who takes ¶ the form of a swan (Apoll. Rhod. 1,146–149). Like their sister He…

Centaurs

(2,394 words)

Author(s): Leuker, Tobias
(Κένταυροι [ Kéntauroi]; Latin Centauri) A. Myth The Cs., chimaeras who are men down to the navel and stallions below, are sons of Ixion and Nephele (‘Cloud’) except Pholus (Ph.) and Chiron (Ch.). At the behest of Zeus, Nephele took the form of Hera, whom Ixion desired. Ph., son of Silenus (Silen, Satyr) and a nymph, and Ch., offspring of Cronus and Philyra, are the only Cs. not characterized by wildness, drunkenness, intemperateness etc. Ph. hospitably receives Heracles and, following an ancient comma…

Cephalus and Procris

(3,299 words)

Author(s): Leuker, Tobias
(Κέφαλος [ Képhalos], Πρόκρις [ Prókris]; Latin Cephalus, Procris) A. Myth The most important versions of the myth of C. and P. to its history after antiquity are the two almost identical retellings by Ovid (Ov. Met. 7,687–756 and 794–862; Ov. Ars am. 3,683–746). C. has recently married P., the daughter of the Athenian king Erechtheus, when Aurora (Eos) falls in love with him and tries to seduce him. When her advances prove fruitless, she lets C. go, but tells him that he will live to regret his and P.’ we…