Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 4 : The Reception of Myth and Mythology

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by: Maria Moog-Grünewald
The Reception of Myth and Mythology highlights the routes and works through which the myths of Greece and Rome have passed into the cultural memory of Europe over the centuries, into its literature, music and art and its reflections on aesthetics and philosophy.

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Abbreviations

(4,287 words)

Author(s): The Editor
A. Bibliography A&A Antike und Abendland AbhBerlin Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin. Historisch-philologische Klasse AdPh Archives de Philosophie AfR Archiv für Religionswissenschaft AfRS Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialgeschichte AH Art History AJA American Journal of Archaeology AK Antike Kunst, ed. Vereinigung der Freunde Antiker Kunst in Basel AKG Archiv für Kulturgeschichte ALM Ausführliches Lexikon der griechischen und römischen Mythologie, ed. W. H. Roscher, 31884–1937, repr. 1992f.; 4 supplement vols. 1893–1921 AM Acta Musicologi…

Achilles

(11,645 words)

Author(s): Gödde, Susanne
(Ἀχιλλεύς, Ἀχιλεύς [ Achil(l)eús]; Latin Achilles) A. Myth Vital to an understanding of A. is the question of what he did not become or almost became: the vanquisher of Zeus and hence the most powerful god in the Greek pantheon. When the oracle goddess Themis prophesies that a son will emerge from the union of Thetis and Zeus, and that this son will overthrow the father of the gods, Zeus renounces Thetis and marries her off to the mortal Peleus. A. is the issue of this union; Themis also prophesies his …

Actaeon

(8,519 words)

Author(s): Moog-Grünewald, Maria
(Ἀκταίων [ Aktaíōn], Latin Actaeon) A. Myth A. is the son of Aristaeus and Autonoë, herself daughter of Cadmus and Harmonia. A. is a passionate hunter. The Centaur Chiron has taught him the art of hunting (Apollod. 3,4,4). One day, out hunting as usual on Mount Cithaeron, he is pursued by his own hounds (up to fifty of them: Apollod. 3,4,4; Hyg. Fab. 181; Ov. Met. 3,206–224) and dismembered. Different traditions suggest the reasons for this killing. Some (e.g. Acusilaus in Apollod. 3,4,4) say that A. w…

Adonis

(9,412 words)

Author(s): Weiser, Jutta
(Ἄδωνις [ Ádònis]; Latin Adonis) A. Myth There are various traditions of the lineage of A. He is generally said to be the son of the Syrian King Theias and his daughter Smyrna (Myrrha). In later versions, following the Cypriot legend, Theias is mostly superseded by Cinyras (Hyg. Fab. 58). In Hesiod, he is the son of Phoenix and Alphesiboea (cf. Apollod. 3,14,4). The first complete account of the story is found in Apollodorus’ Bibliotheke and represents the core repository of the myth, which is transmitted in assorted variants and with a variety of embellishments. Acco…

Agamemnon and Clytaemnestra

(4,163 words)

Author(s): Baldarelli, Beatrice
(Ἀγαµέµνων [ Agamémnòn], Κλυταιµνήστρα/ Κλυταιµήστρα [ Klytaim(n)Ëstra], Latin Agamemnon, Clytaem(n)estra) A. Myth A. is a son of Atreus (Atreus and Thyestes) and brother of Menelaus. After Aegisthus, a descendant of Thyestes, has taken revenge on Atreus for the murder of his siblings, A. becomes King of Mycene. He takes C., daughter of Tyndareus and Leda (sister of Helen), as his wife after winning her in war (Eur. IA 1149ff.) and killing her first husband. Their children are Iphigenia, Electra, Chrysothemis and Orestes. A. already appears as supreme commander of the Greek p…