Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 3 : Historical Atlas of the Ancient World

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by: Anne Wittke, Eckhart Olshausen and Richard Szydlak
This new atlas of the ancient world illustrates the political, economic, social and cultural developments in the ancient Near East, the Mediterranean world, the Byzantine Empire, the Islamic world and the Holy Roman Empire from the 3rd millennium BC until the 15th century AD.

Subscriptions: See

Exploration in the ancient world

(3,895 words)

Author(s): Olshausen, E.
Northern Europe 1. On a journey from Platea (probably Gasr el-Bomba, Libya) to Egypt, Colaeus, a naval merchant from Samos (7th cent. BC), was swept westward past the Pillars of Hercules and landed at Tartessus (in the delta of the Baetis/Guadalquivir; location so far not identified). Herodotus (4,152) emphasizes how profitable this odyssey was, but Colaeus was not the first Greek to land at Tartessus. Before him, Midacritus had traded tin there, which he shipped from the Cassiterides (from the Greek kassíteros, tin); the location of those islands has not been determined (cl…