Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 3 : Historical Atlas of the Ancient World

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by: Anne Wittke, Eckhart Olshausen and Richard Szydlak
This new atlas of the ancient world illustrates the political, economic, social and cultural developments in the ancient Near East, the Mediterranean world, the Byzantine Empire, the Islamic world and the Holy Roman Empire from the 3rd millennium BC until the 15th century AD.

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City development and town planning in Greece

(2,021 words)

Author(s): Wittke, A.-M.
The layouts of Athens (Athenae) and Miletus typify two different types of Greek city structure, which would today be described as ‘naturally grown’ in the case of Athens, and as ‘planned’ to characterize Miletus. I. Athens (maps A and B) The overall map of ancient Athens (map A, overlaying the plan of today’s Athens) shows the ring-wall (no. 20) erected directly after the destruction of Athens by the Persians (480 BC), the connection with the ‘Long Walls’ (to the southwest, no. 23) which around the middle of the 5th cent. were built to provi…

City foundations and educational establishments in the Hellenistic period (4th–2nd cents. BC)

(945 words)

Author(s): Wittke, A.-M.
‘The matter of whether one was a Greek or a “barbarian” was decided on the basis not of origin or race, but of education’ (H. Gehrke). The Greek term for education, paideia, denoted education as a process of ‘upbringing’ and, at the same time, as ‘cultivation’, as an attribute and result of the process of schooling. The Greek educational ideal in the Hellenistic Period was characterized by free personal development. The concept of schooling encompassed gymnastics, artistic and literary education, imparted through private tuit…