Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 3 : Historical Atlas of the Ancient World

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by: Anne Wittke, Eckhart Olshausen and Richard Szydlak
This new atlas of the ancient world illustrates the political, economic, social and cultural developments in the ancient Near East, the Mediterranean world, the Byzantine Empire, the Islamic world and the Holy Roman Empire from the 3rd millennium BC until the 15th century AD.

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Distribution of the legions and the frontiers of the Roman Empire

(1,676 words)

Author(s): Olshausen, E.
I. Organization of the army from the time of Augustus In the final days of the Roman Republic, there were probably 68 legions under arms. Including auxiliaries, this is estimated as a force of 350,000 men – more than were required for the maintenance of the peace and internal order of the Empire and its protection at external frontiers. After his victory over Cleopatra and Mark Antony, Augustus, then still C. Iulius Caesar (Octavianus), released a large part of this force, compensating veterans with confi…