Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 2 : Dictionary of Greek and Latin Authors and Texts

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by: Manfred Landfester
The Dictionary of Greek and Latin Authors and Texts gives a clear overview of authors and Major Works of Greek and Latin literature, and their history in written tradition, from Late Antiquity until present: papyri, manuscripts, Scholia, early and contemporary authoritative editions, translations and comments.

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Hieronymus, Sophronius Eusebius (Jerome)

(1,772 words)

Author(s): Landfester, Manfred
b. ca. 347 in Stridon (Dalmatia); d. 30 September 419 in Bethlehem; eminent Latin Doctor of the Church. Works Jerome was one of the most prolific Latin ecclesiastical authors, alongside Augustinus (in particular translations and Bible commentaries, composed primarily in Bethlehem from AD 386 onwards). Of special importance is his Latin translation of the Bible, known as the Vulgata since the early Middle Ages; another widely disseminated work was his translation of Eusebius’ [7] Chronicle. Furthermore, Jerome translated nearly 100 homilies by Origenes [2], and the treatise De spir…

Hippiatrica

(547 words)

Author(s): Fischer, Klaus-Dietrich
Greek collection of ancient and Early Byzantine texts on horse medicine. Works A collection of Greek texts on horse medicine was compiled during the Byzantine period. It included Greek translations of the Latin works by Pelagonius and Vegetius. Other important authors whose works are also incorporated include: Apsyrtus [2], Hierocles [6] (whose text improves on the language of Apsyrtus’ work), Eumelus, Anatolius, Hippocrates the horse physician, Tiberius, and Theomnestus [2]; of the latter’s treatise, we po…

Hippocrates

(2,170 words)

Author(s): Ihm, Sibylle
b. ca. 460 BC in Cos; d. ca. 370 BC; roughly 130 writings are preserved under his name; approximately half of these were compiled in Ptolemaic Alexandria in the so-called Corpus Hippocraticum ( CH); the rest are forgeries from a later period. With only a few exceptions nothing can be said about the authors of the individual texts. Works The CH consists of approximately 70 texts that differ strongly in form, aim, level of knowledge, and theoretical approach. No overall structure can therefore be assigned. The writings belong to different schools, primaril…

Historia Apollonii regis Tyrii

(493 words)

Author(s): Backer, Keno
Latin novel, possibly based on a Greek original. Works Romance and adventure novel about the wanderings of Apollonius, king of Tyre. papyri The fragmentary text preserved in PSI 151 and P. Mil. Vogliano 260 is, perhaps, the remnant of a Greek original on which the Latin text is based. Manuscripts The more than 70 manuscripts fall into three recensions: RA, RB, and RC. Editions Only two editions were published before the 17th cent. Translations Numerous vernacular translations dating from the late 15th cent. onwards made the novel popular. Some of these were free adapt…

Historia Augusta

(440 words)

Author(s): Backer, Keno
Collection of 30 Latin biographies of rulers by a set of otherwise unknown authors. Manuscripts Twenty manuscripts are known. The tradition, which is entirely derived from a single copy, Vaticanus Palatinus lat. 899, falls into two groups. Editions The large number of editions that were produced prior to the 18th cent. stands in stark contrast with the two modern editions. Works Latin Title English Title Dating Brief Description 1 Historia Augusta Augustan History 293–330 Collection of the Lives of 30 Rom. emperors, Caesars and usurpers from Hadrianus to Numerianus [2…