Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 2 : Dictionary of Greek and Latin Authors and Texts

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by: Manfred Landfester
The Dictionary of Greek and Latin Authors and Texts gives a clear overview of authors and Major Works of Greek and Latin literature, and their history in written tradition, from Late Antiquity until present: papyri, manuscripts, Scholia, early and contemporary authoritative editions, translations and comments.

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Ephorus of Cyme (Asia Minor)

(250 words)

Author(s): Landfester, Manfred
b. ca. 405/ 400 BC; d. 330 BC; Greek universal historian; representative of the so-called ‘Rhetorical School’ of historiography (with Theopompus [3] of Chios). Works His principal work was Historíai, a universal history (excluding the mythical age) spanning the period from the return of the Heraclidae (Dorian Migration) to the siege of Perinthus by Philippus [4] II in 340 BC. The work comprised 30 books, of which Ephorus himself wrote 29; his son Demophilus completed it with the account of the Sacred War (357–346 BC) in boo…

Epictetus

(943 words)

Author(s): Schorn, Stefan
b. ca. AD 50 in Hierapolis in Phrygia; d. ca. AD 125/130 in Nicopolis in Epirus; Popular Stoic philosopher. Works Epictetus himself did not write anything, but his pupil Flavius Arrianus [2] published a collection of Discourses and a summary of his teachings; fragments of further wr…

Epicurus

(1,412 words)

Author(s): Schorn, Stefan
b. 342/1 BC in Samos; d. 271/0 BC in Athens; Greek philosopher. Works The three great didactic epistles To Herodotus, To Pythocles and To Menoeceus have been preserved in the tenth book of the Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers by Diogenes [17] Laertius (Diog. Laert.), at the end of which we also find the Kýriai dóxai; additionally, there is a Gnomologium in a Vatican manuscript. Fragments of the principal work On Nature, numerous philosophical and private letters, as well as other writings, have also been preserved, mainly in papyri from Herculaneum. Papyri The editions of the …

Euclides of Alexandria (Euclid)

(874 words)

Author(s): Landfester, Manfred
b. ca. 350 BC; d. ca. 290 BC; eminent Greek mathematician, most active around 300 BC; lived primarily in Alexandria. Works It is through his Stoicheía/Elementa that Euclid became the most important teacher of mathematics “of all peoples and all generations”. Five shorter works have also been preserved. Other works are lost; a further text, Perì diairéseōn / On Divisions ( of Figures) is extant only in Arabic Medieval texts. Titles such as De levi et ponderosa / On the Light and the Heavy are probably derived from Euclid via Arabic adaptations. Manuscripts Two ancient editions can be ver…

Euripides

(1,860 words)

Author(s): Landfester, Manfred
b. between 485 and 480 BC on Salamis; d. 406 BC in Pella (Macedonia); Greek writer of tragedies and satyr plays. Works Of the 90 works, 17 tragedies and one satyr play are extant. The Rhesus transmitted under Euripides’ name is surely spurious. Papyri Numerous papyrus and other fragments convey the content and plot of further tragedies ( Antiope; Erechtheus; Phaethon; Alexander; Archelaus; Hypsipyle; and Cresphontes). Manuscripts The tradition falls into two strands: (1) the ten plays with commentaries ( Alcestis; Andromache; Bacchae; Hecuba; Hippolytus; Medea; Orestes; Phoenician…

Eusebius of Caesarea

(2,041 words)

Author(s): Bauer, Thomas Johann
b. shortly after AD 260; d. between AD 337 and 340 in Caesarea in Palestine (Caesarea [3] Maritima); Theologian and Greek ecclesiastical author; became bishop of Caesarea in 314. Works The substantial theological work of Eusebius stands in the tradition of Origenes [2]; it comprises exegetical, historical, and apologetic writings. Some of it is lost (e.g. Apology for Origen; Against Porphyry), other writings are preserved only in fragments (e.g. commentaries on Dan, Heb, and Luke) or early translations (e.g. Chronicle; Theophany). His most influential work is the Ecclesiastical Hi…