Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 2 : Dictionary of Greek and Latin Authors and Texts

Get access Subject: Classical Studies
Edited by: Manfred Landfester
The Dictionary of Greek and Latin Authors and Texts gives a clear overview of authors and Major Works of Greek and Latin literature, and their history in written tradition, from Late Antiquity until present: papyri, manuscripts, Scholia, early and contemporary authoritative editions, translations and comments.

Subscriptions: See Brill.com

Caelius Aurelianus

(476 words)

Author(s): Fischer, Klaus-Dietrich
early 5th cent. AD (?); Roman physician from Sicca Veneria in Numidia (North Africa); translator of Soranus. Works Caelius Aurelianus translated into Latin works by Soranus of Ephesus (1st/2nd cent. AD), which he also edited in the process. The books on acute and chronic diseases, lost in the Greek original, contain detailed descriptions of symptoms and treatments. Their extensive doxographical notes also make them an important source on ancient medicine before Soranus. Not all of Caelius’ translations survive, and several of his own original writings are lost altogether. Manuscrip…

Caesar, Gaius Iulius

(948 words)

Author(s): Kuhn-Chen, Barbara
b. 100 BC in Rome; d. 44 BC in Rome; Roman statesman and writer. Works In addition to two works that provide accounts ( Commentarii) of Caesar’s military campaigns, we possess fragments of a polemical work ( Anticato), several orations, a rhetorical work ( De analogia / On Regularity), and a travel poem. The works Bellum Africum ( B. Afr.), Bellum Hispaniense ( B.H.), and Bellum Alexandrinum ( B. Alex.) are spurious. Manuscripts The two oldest extant manuscripts of Bellum Gallicum are derived from a single ancestor that contained Late Antique corrections and is now lost. E Numerous editions…

Callimachus of Cyrene

(652 words)

Author(s): Landfester, Manfred
b. between 320 and 303 BC in Cyrene; d. after 245 BC; eminent Hellenistic poet and scholar. Works Of his extensive œuvre, three works are extant in fragments ( Aítia, Hekálē, Íamboi), two are preserved complete or in complete parts ( Epigrámmata, Hýmnoi). Papyri The three fragmentary works are mainly transmitted through papyri. Manuscripts The Hýmnoi have their own manuscript tradition; the epigrams are largely transmitted in the Anthologia Graeca ( Anthologia Palatina; Anthologia Planudea). Works Greek Title Latin Title English Title Dating Brief Description 1 Αἴτια /Aítia ( Ait.) A…

Cassiodorus, Flavius Magnus Aurelius

(730 words)

Author(s): Backer, Keno
b. ca. AD 490 in Scylacium (Calabria); d. ca. AD 590 in Scylacium; author of historical, theological-philosophical, grammatical and panegyrical works; founder of the Monastery of Vivarium. Works Seven of his works survive intact. Manuscripts Cassiodorus’ works each have their own manuscript traditions. Editions Despite numerous partial editions since the 15th cent. the complete works did not appear until the end of the 17th cent. Works Latin Title English Title Dating Brief Description 1 Chronica ( Chron.) Chronicle 519 Summary of the history of Rome and the world, from Ad…

Cassius Dio Cocceianus, Lucius Cl(audius) (Cassius Dio)

(864 words)

Author(s): Kuhn-Chen, Barbara
b. ca. AD 164 in Nicaea (Bithynia); d. after AD 229; Greek historian. Works Of his 80–book history of the Roman Empire (from the founding of the city to AD 229), books 36–60 (covering 69 BC to AD 47) survive intact, and books 78–79 (covering the period AD 216 to 218) with gaps; there are also fragments from books 1–35. Manuscripts The direct transmission was accompanied by many excerpts that were gathered in the collection of the Byzantine emperor Constantinus [9] VII Porphyrogenetus ( Excerpta Constantiniana). The Excerpta, in turn, were transmitted through smaller, constituent c…

Cato, Marcus Porcius (Cato the Elder)

(623 words)

Author(s): Landfester, Manfred
b. 234 BC in Tusculum; d. 149 BC; distinguished Roman politician and the ‘father’ of Roman prose literature. Works The only book transmitted in manuscript form is De agricultura ( On Farming). Of his other works, only fragments survive; these consist of his orations, and the historical work Origines. Manuscripts The tradition depends upon a codex, Marcianus Florentinus, now lost, on which the ed. princ. was based; all extant manuscripts are descended from it. Editions De agricultura has rarely been published as an individual work since the ed. princ., but has mostly been combined w…

Catonis dicta/Dicta Catonis (Catonis disticha/Disticha Catonis)

(780 words)

Author(s): Landfester, Manfred
Collection of moral maxims from the 3rd/4th cent. AD. The author is anonymous; the suggestion that they could be attributed to Marcus Porcius Cato [1] Censorius is no longer deemed possible. Up to the early 19th cent., it was ascribed to one Dionysius Cato.; this identification had been sanctioned by the edition of Joseph Justus Scaliger (Leiden 1598). Works The collection consists of: (1) a prefatory epistle in prose ( Epistola Catonis); (2) 57 breves sententiae in prose; (3) the central part, 144 hexametrical Disticha in four books (books 2–4 with hexametric prologues); (4) 1…

Catullus, Valerius

(1,197 words)

Author(s): Landfester, Manfred
b. between 87/ 86 and 81/ 80 BC in Verona; d. between 58/ 57 and 51/ 50 BC; distinguished Roman poet of the avant-garde (‘neoterics’). Works Even though the poems were composed successively (over a longer period), it was probably Catullus himself who arranged them for publication according to formal and thematic criteria. The collection falls into the following three parts (or books): (1) Carm. 1–60 with hetero- and homoerotic love poems and invectives; (2) Carm. 61–64 with wedding poems; and (3) Carm. 65–116 with poems in elegiac metre, of which Carm. 65–68 must be treated as elegies…

Celsus

(748 words)

Author(s): Prostmeier, Ferdinand
2nd cent. AD; probably from Alexandria; Middle Platonist, teacher, author of the Alēthḕs lógos, and an ‘apology of the Greek tradition’. Works The original apology, doubling as a didactic-promotional treatise and anti-Christian polemic, is lost but can be reconstructed in its main arguments from quotations in the eight-book refutation by Origenes [2], Katà Kélsou / Contra Celsum ( Kels.). The entire direct and indirect transmission depends on Origin’s treatise. On behalf of the Classical tradition, Celsus attacks Christianity as a phenomenon endangerin…

Celsus, Aulus Cornelius

(888 words)

Author(s): Schulze, Christian
d. in Rome, probably around AD 65; earliest extant Latin medical author (possibly a physician) and encyclopaedist. Works Conceived as an introductory work in 8 books, De medicina reflects the state of contemporary science in all important fields of medicine; originally combined with other texts under the (ancient?) title Artes. Additionally, there are other works of uncertain attribution, including: two letters, and a treatise on the conduct of the Parthian Wars (now lost). Manuscripts Most manuscripts, of what are probably two distinct families, are descendants of a single lost cod…