Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 2 : Dictionary of Greek and Latin Authors and Texts

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Subject: Classical Studies

Edited by: Manfred Landfester
The Dictionary of Greek and Latin Authors and Texts gives a clear overview of authors and Major Works of Greek and Latin literature, and their history in written tradition, from Late Antiquity until present: papyri, manuscripts, Scholia, early and contemporary authoritative editions, translations and comments.

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Abbreviations

(1,055 words)

Author(s): The Editors
General Abbreviations abr. abridged anon. anonymous Ant. Antike, Antiquity approx. approximately AR, Arab. Arabic Aram. Aramaic Armen. Armenian art. article Assyr. Assyrian b. born betw. between bibliog. bibliography bk., bks. book, books Byz. Byzantine CA Catalan ca. circa, ‘about’ cent., cents. century, centuries chap., chaps. chapter, chapters cod., codd. codex, codices coll., colls. collection, collections comm. commentary crit. critical d. died Diss. Dissertation DU Dutch eccl. ecclesiastical ed., eds. editor / edited by, editors ed. princ. editio princeps edn., edns…

Achilles Tatius of Alexandria

(383 words)

Author(s): Landfester, Manfred
2nd cent. AD; author of a Greek romance novel. Works Novel in eight books. Manuscripts Twenty-three manuscripts are known, but only 12 contain the full text; most manuscripts date from the 16th cent. Works Greek Title Latin Title English Title Dating Brief Description 1 Τὰ κατὰ Λευκίππην καὶ Κλειτοφόντα/Tà katà Leukíppēn kaì Kleitophónta The Adventures of Leucippe and Clitophon 2nd cent. AD Novel about the separation and reunion of the lovers Leucippe and Clitophon Papyri Name / Number Dating Selection Content / Notable Features 1 P.Oxy. 3836 2nd cent. AD Terminus ante quem for the d…

Aelianus, Claudius (Aelian)

(746 words)

Author(s): Landfester, Manfred
b. ca. AD 165/ 170 in Praeneste near Rome; d. ca. AD 225/ 235; Roman ‘Buntschriftsteller’ who wrote in Greek. Works With On the Nature of Animals, the excerpts from his Historical Miscellany, and the Letters, the majority of Aelian’s works are well known. Additional works are documented only in meagre fragments. Manuscripts The manuscripts of On the Nature of Animals can be divided into two classes: one that is older and not interpolated (the main representative being Parisinus suppl. gr. 352), and a second interpolated class. The excerpts from the Historical Miscellany have come down …

Aelianus Tacticus

(350 words)

Author(s): Landfester, Manfred
2nd cent. AD; Greek military writer. Works The Taktiká, preserved under the name of Aelianus, are a textbook addressed to the Emperor Trajan. Manuscripts The work exists in two recensions; one Arabic translation is based on a text from the 9th/10th cent. Details in: Alphonse Dain, Histoire du texte d’Élien le Tacticien des origines à la fin du moyen âge, Paris 1946. Editions The ed. princ. appeared more than 50 years after the first Latin translation. Translations Since 1487, the reception of the treatise has been determined by numerous Latin translations, which were gen…

Aelius Aristides (Publius Aelius Aristides)

(2,180 words)

Author(s): Wißmann, Jessica
b. 27 November AD 147 in Hadriani (Mysia); d. after AD 177; Greek orator; representative of the Second Sophistic. Works Fifty-three orations ( Lógoi [ Log.]) have been preserved (some in fragments); a metric hymn to Asclepius survives as an inscription. False attributions include: the Téchnai rhētorikaí, and the Leptinean Orations (nos. 53 and 54 Dindorf). Fragments of the orations are contained in four papyri; there is also a papyrus with proemia. Scholia There are scholia by Sopater [1] and Arethas, as well as prolegomena. Manuscripts Collections of orations, or excerpts, are c…

Aeneas Tacticus

(304 words)

Author(s): Landfester, Manfred
active in the mid 4th cent. BC; earliest Greek military writer. Works Only one longer fragment of his works on military matters has been preserved. Manuscripts The transmission is based on Laurentianus 55,4, of which four transcripts from the 16th cent. are extant. Works Greek Title Latin Title English Title Dating Brief Description 1 Τακτικὸν ὑπόµνηµα περὶ τοῦ πῶς χρῆ πολιορκουµένους ἀντέχειν/Taktikòn hypómnēma perì toû pôs chrê poliorkouménous antéchein (Πολιορκητικά/Poliorkētiká) De obsidione toleranda commentarius How to Survive under Siege Manuscripts Name / Number Dating…

Aeschylus of Athens

(1,758 words)

Author(s): Landfester, Manfred
b. 525/4 BC in the Attic deme of Eleusis; d. 456/5 BC in Gela (Sicily); Greek writer of tragedies and satyr plays. Works Of the possibly 90 plays, seven tragedies have been preserved. The Oresteia (458 BC), comprising Agamemnon, Choephori and the Eumenides, is the only extant Greek trilogy. Papyri The short fragments of Aeschylus’ plays preserved in manuscript form have been joined, in particular, by several papyrus fragments that allow for a rough reconstruction of the plots for the satyr plays: Theòroì ḕ Isthmiastaí (‘Spectators at the Isthmian Games’), and Diktyoulkoí (‘Netfishers’…

Aesop

(757 words)

Author(s): Ihm, Sibylle
b. in Thrace; d. 564/3 BC in Delphi; Greek fabulist. Works Preserved are late collections of his fables which only contain a selection of his animal fables, as the ancient evidence shows. Manuscripts A total of more than 100 manuscripts are known; they can be grouped into three primary recensions. Translations Numerous partial translations and free adaptations have been published. Works Greek Title Latin Title English Title Dating Brief Description 1 Μῦθοι / Mŷthoi Corpus Fabularum Aesopicarum Fables 6th cent. BC Mainly animal fables; the extant coll. dates from the Christian period Pa…

Agatharchides of Cnidus

(330 words)

Author(s): Landfester, Manfred
b. before 200 BC; d. after 145 BC or after 132/1 BC; Greek historian leaning towards social criticism; representative of the so-called tragic or mimetic school of historiography (by means of sophisticated literary techniques). Works The historical work is known primarily through longer excerpts in Diodorus [18] and Photius [2]. Translations / Commentaries English translation of the FGrH with updated commentary in the online edition of Brill’s New Jacoby (BNJ), 2006ff. Works Greek Title Latin Title English Title Dating Brief Description 1 Ἀσιατικά / Asiatiká (10 bks.) Asiatica Asian…

Agathias

(427 words)

Author(s): Kuhn-Chen, Barbara
b. ca. AD 532 in Myrina (Asia Minor); d. shortly after AD 580; Greek historian and poet. Works A work on contemporary history, as well as a collection of epigrams has been preserved. Of his collection of erotic mythological poems ( Daphniaká), only the prologue has been transmitted in the Anthologia Palatina (6,80) Works Greek Title Latin Title English Title Dating Brief Description 1 Ἱστορίαι/Historíai ( Hist.), also: Περὶ τῆς Ἰουστινιάνου βασιλείας / Perì tês Ioustiniánou basileías Historiae Histories after AD 579 History of the wars of Iustinianus [1] against the Goths, Pe…