Brill’s Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

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Edited by: Gert Melville and Martial Staub.

Brill's Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages Online offers an accessible yet engaging coverage of medieval European history and culture, c. 500-c. 1500, in a series of themed articles, taking an interdisciplinary and comparative approach. Presenting a broad range of topics current in research, the encyclopedia is dedicated to all aspects of medieval life, organized in eight sections: Society; Faith and Knowledge; Literature; Fine Arts and Music; Economy; Technology; Living Environment and Conditions; and Historical Events and Regions. This thematic structure makes the encyclopedia a true reference work for Medieval Studies as a whole. It is accessible and concise enough for quick reference, while also providing a solid grounding in a new topic with a good level of detail, since many of its articles are longer than traditional encyclopedia entries. The encyclopedia is supported by an extensive bibliography, updated with the most recent works and adapted to suit the needs of an Anglophone audience.

Brill's Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages Online is a unique work, and invaluable equally for research and for teaching. Anyone interested in the art, architecture, economy, history, language, law, literature, music, religion, or science of the Middle Ages, will find the encyclopedia an indispensible resource.  

This is an English translation of the second edition (2013) of the well-known German-language Enzyklopädie des Mittelalters, published by Primus Verlag / Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.

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Virtues and Vices

(517 words)

Author(s): Richard G. Newhauser
In the Middle Ages the spiritual realms of "time," "space," and "work" were at least partly oriented around the assumption that both sin and atonement were fundamental parts of human existence. The li…
Date: 2016-08-09

Virtues and Vices among the Nobility

(1,413 words)

Author(s): Klaus Oschema
The general notions of virtues and vices were also valid for the nobility (→nobility). The nobility, as the term indicates (Lat. nobilis, OHG adal-), meant to be particularly distinguished. Already the Greek "aristocracy" w…
Date: 2016-08-09

Virtues and Vices in the Bourgeoisie

(1,384 words)

Author(s): Martial Staub
In the 11th/12th centuries, the incipient urban expansion of the Latin West was accompanied by twin developments in moral conceptions: the world itself, or the world as a whole, now became the area in…
Date: 2016-08-09

Virtues and Vices in the Church

(3,070 words)

Author(s): Richard G. Newhauser
These social, psychological, and spiritual considerations led to a complex mixture of catalogues of virtues and vices and associated moral qualities of various kinds. In the first four centuries after…
Date: 2016-08-09