Brill’s Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Get access Subject: History

Edited by: Gert Melville and Martial Staub.

Brill's Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages Online offers an accessible yet engaging coverage of medieval European history and culture, c. 500-c. 1500, in a series of themed articles, taking an interdisciplinary and comparative approach. Presenting a broad range of topics current in research, the encyclopedia is dedicated to all aspects of medieval life, organized in eight sections: Society; Faith and Knowledge; Literature; Fine Arts and Music; Economy; Technology; Living Environment and Conditions; and Historical Events and Regions. This thematic structure makes the encyclopedia a true reference work for Medieval Studies as a whole. It is accessible and concise enough for quick reference, while also providing a solid grounding in a new topic with a good level of detail, since many of its articles are longer than traditional encyclopedia entries. The encyclopedia is supported by an extensive bibliography, updated with the most recent works and adapted to suit the needs of an Anglophone audience.

Brill's Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages Online is a unique work, and invaluable equally for research and for teaching. Anyone interested in the art, architecture, economy, history, language, law, literature, music, religion, or science of the Middle Ages, will find the encyclopedia an indispensible resource.  

This is an English translation of the second edition (2013) of the well-known German-language Enzyklopädie des Mittelalters, published by Primus Verlag / Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.

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(3,347 words)

Author(s): Oliver Auge | Karl-Heinz Spiess
The medieval nobility is a European phenomenon which is characterized by its mutability and capacity to adapt to changing historical circumstances. This makes its definition so difficult: for at vario…
Date: 2016-08-09

Nordic Literature

(2,247 words)

Author(s): Stefanie Würth
Written literature on a large scale did not begin in the Norse lands until around the year 1000, following Christianization and the associated introduction of the Latin script. In contrast, the writin…
Date: 2016-08-09


(1,272 words)

Author(s): Bernhard Jussen
Subject Norms (from Lat. norma, "guideline," "rule," "measure," "regulation") are the central stabilization authorities for social order; they transform the relatively unspecific values of a society into …
Date: 2016-08-09

Norms: Contents

(70 words)

Introduction 1 Virtues and Vices Virtues and Vices in the Church Virtues and Vices among the Nobility Virtues and Vices in the Bourgeoisie 2 Reputation and Dishonor 3 Law Legal Structures Customary Law Laws, Statutes Privilege …
Date: 2016-09-20


(5,379 words)

Author(s): Elisabeth Vavra
Human nutrition is always a function of plant-based and animal resources, as well as their respective quantities and qualities. Following a favorable climatic interval in the High Middle Ages, famines…
Date: 2016-10-18