Brill’s Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Get access Subject: History

Edited by: Gert Melville and Martial Staub.

Brill's Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages Online offers an accessible yet engaging coverage of medieval European history and culture, c. 500-c. 1500, in a series of themed articles, taking an interdisciplinary and comparative approach. Presenting a broad range of topics current in research, the encyclopedia is dedicated to all aspects of medieval life, organized in eight sections: Society; Faith and Knowledge; Literature; Fine Arts and Music; Economy; Technology; Living Environment and Conditions; and Historical Events and Regions. This thematic structure makes the encyclopedia a true reference work for Medieval Studies as a whole. It is accessible and concise enough for quick reference, while also providing a solid grounding in a new topic with a good level of detail, since many of its articles are longer than traditional encyclopedia entries. The encyclopedia is supported by an extensive bibliography, updated with the most recent works and adapted to suit the needs of an Anglophone audience.

Brill's Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages Online is a unique work, and invaluable equally for research and for teaching. Anyone interested in the art, architecture, economy, history, language, law, literature, music, religion, or science of the Middle Ages, will find the encyclopedia an indispensible resource.  

This is an English translation of the second edition (2013) of the well-known German-language Enzyklopädie des Mittelalters, published by Primus Verlag / Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.

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(1,084 words)

Author(s): Arnold Angenendt
Jesus was a Jewish rabbi and understood himself to be the Messiah. As a result, he was regarded by the high priests as a blasphemer and condemned to crucifixion by the Roman governor Pontius Pilate. F…
Date: 2016-10-18

Judicial Systems

(1,152 words)

Author(s): Herbert Kalb
The many-layered and fragmented nature of the judicial system of the Middle Ages was intimately bound to the current degree of "statehood," and consequently a reflection of the prevailing "constitutional law."The kings of the Fran…
Date: 2016-10-18

Juridical Corporation

(411 words)

Author(s): Karl Ubl
A broad debate on the rights and the structure of corporations arose in the 13th century among scholars of canon law. This debate was usually centered on the local episcopal church, which was regarded…
Date: 2016-08-09


(3,633 words)

Author(s): Herbert Kalb
The main focus of attention in a terminological definition of legal science – insofar as its scientific character is not denied in principle – is the juridical method. As K. Larenz, for example, asserts in his influential Methodenlehre d…
Date: 2016-10-18

Just War – Holy War

(850 words)

Author(s): Hans-Henning Kortüm
If we follow the penitentials, people in the Early Middle Ages were cognizant of the problems posed by killing in wars. The fact that killing was a part of war did not absolve individuals from the nee…
Date: 2016-08-09